[N1] Came to England with mother (Hannah) and sister (Shirley) in 1959 after bar-mitzvah in South Africa


[N4] Born at University College Hospital
went to Annemount preparatory school, Hampstead Garden Suburb
went to The Hall and Westminster schools in London
went to Pembroke College Cambridge - Archaeology and Anthropology 1993-1995. Ist Class degree.
won Henry Fellowship to Harvard University 1995-6 from Cambridge

[N5] Grave located at BUX 31 Row 2 - graves 68/69 joint grave.
The following note was written by his son, Peter Eden:
"Daddy was working for a Czech company called Textilwerke Mautner and was responsible for their export business in the West, the markets were Scandinavia ( mainly Denmark), Belgium, France and the UK. I believe that the UK was the biggest market.This meant that he was spending a considerable amount of time away from Vienna of which a goodly proportion was in the UK. I think that this started as early as 1933. You must also remember that flying was in its infancy and the train journey from the UK to Vienna was long and tedious.
In about 1935 or 1936 I think that daddy first started thinking of us moving to the UK, firstly for the above reasons and then slowly as he was somewhat distressed about what was starting to happen in Germany and Austria. I think that they took a firm decision to move to the UK in l937 and when Mummy came over they decided to take the flat at No 6 Brownlow Court which was still being built and which was only due to be finished early in l938. I believe that we were actually scheduled to move here in the autumn of l938.
In February 1938 Daddy was in the UK and Mummy and I and a "Mitzi" ( Nanny) were due to leave Vienna for Kitzbuhel on the following Monday. It was now on Friday and apparently Daddy phoned from Vienna and said "Don't ask any questions but I want you to leave immediately for Switzerland with Peter". Leave everything in the apartment and I will deal with it from here". We therefore left Vienna with Mitzi on the Monday (exact date unknown) and arrived in Klosters in Switzerland. The reason for the telephone call was that it was at the time of Schushnig and the German army was massed on the Austrian border, a fact apparently unknown in Austria. They could have marched in the next day but this did not happen until March."

[N6] Grave located at BUX 31 Row 2 - graves 68/69 joint grave

[N7] Birth date as per gravestone - also shown on certificates as 20/7/1911
Name also shown on Naturalisation certificate as IZRAELIUS BLECHERIS-FRIDMANAS
Rasein is a a town where there was a hebrew Gymnasium (school) about 5km from the stetl Girkalnis (also called Girtigola) - see below. Family 'estate' is known as Vitzber (yiddish), Visbara (Lithuanian), Wizbory (Polish) - between Girkalnis and Areogola.
In Lithuanian a male is Blacherig, a married woman Blacherene and an unmarried woman a Blacherite.
Came to South Africa at abt age 16 ie 1927. Naturalised 30/7/1935
Went into his own business in partnership with Barney Shore in Sir Lowry Road, Cape Town.
Buried Pinelands cemetery - row 9676

Extract from 'Lithuanian Jewish Communities':
Girtigola (Girkalnis) - Rasein District
Girtigola is located near Rasein (5 miles). In 1921, the Jewish population of the town was 270. Before World War II, 27 families lived there.
Rasein (Raseiniai) - District Capital
Rasein is near Girtigola (6 miles), Nemoksht (15), Kelme (33) and Shilovka (7). Until the Kovno-Rasein-Memel road was built in 1936, it had no roads.
Rasein is one of the oldest cities in Lithuania. In the 13th and 14th Centuries, the name appears under different spellings, for example: Rossyen, Rushigen and Rasseyne. In 1253, Prince Mindaugas transferred part of the Zhamot Region, which included the Rasein area, to the Livonian Order. The remaining portion was transferred to the first Lithuanian Christian Bishop. The Livonian Order began dominating Christianity, which resulted in a cruel war from which the city and the surrounding ares suffered.
In 1390, representatives of the city participated with other representatives from Zhamot in signing a peace treaty in Koenigsberg. At the end of the fifteenth century, it received the Rights of Magdeburg. During United Lithuania-Poland, it became the most important city in the Zhamot Region, having governmental institutions and was the centre of trade for the entire region. In 1580, all the noblemen of the region elected their representatives to the Sejm (Legislature) in Warsaw. From 1585, the Lithuanian Sejm was located there. In 1792, the Magdeburg Rights were renewed.
The city suffered during the Napoleonic conquest and during the Polish Revolution. In the Third Partition of Poland, Rasein came under Russian rule. The rights of a free city were cancelled and in 1796, it became part of the Kovno Region. From that time it went into economic decline. During Independent Lithuania it was a District Capital but because of its geographical position and being far from a railway and main roads it remained economically backward.
Its Jewish community was one of the first in Lithuania and was called 'Jerusalem of Zhamot'. Many Jews settled there in the seventeenth century.
In 1842 the population of the city was 7455 the majority of whom were Jews. In 1897 the number of Jews rose to 9000 - 90% of the general population. After WWI the number declined. In 1921 there were only 2226 and in 1939 about 2000 - 40% of the general population. The Jews engaged mainly in trade. There were also 25 artisans and a few farmers. Except for two flour mills and one sawmill there was no industry in the town. Most Jews made their living on market days. There were about 10 Jewish Prayer Houses and, during Independent Lithuania, a small yeshiva.
Listed by the SA Board of Deputies as having arrived in Cape Town aged 19 on 3/6/1929 on the Annadale Castle (as Israel Blacher). Meeting Chaim Blacher, brother.

[N8] Born on Yom Kippur
Came to Paarl, South Africa, with Mother in 1926 - aged 6. Father had preceded them by about two years. Travelled on the Walmer Castle arriving on 6th December 1926.
Moved to England with children in 1959.
Returned to live in South Africa in 1993

[N9] Graduated from Oxford University

[N10] Passport application notes 1911 - 'BLIAKHER OR FRIDMAN' - 'permanent passport issued in Girkalnis on 9 Mar 1910; came from community on 23 Jun; lives in FRIDMAN's house'

[N11] Listed by SA Board of Deputies as having arrived in Cape Town on the Mariella on 4/3/1927 aged 23 (as Chaim Blacheras). Being met by Max Gurland, Cape Town.

[N12] Listed by SA Board of Deputies as having arrived in Cape Town on 13/3/1926 (as Moses Bliacher) on the Ussu Kuma aged 17 from Girkalnis. Meeting Max Gurland (uncle?).

Pinelands cemetery - row 9676

[N13] From age two to age five she lived in hiding in Budapest before leaving the country.

[N14] During the war two brothers (Zizl and Itzik) escaped to the forest.
See Yehudit Lita - vol 4 - Girkalnis for complete story of his escape from execution.
After the war, in the 1950's, Itzik tried to cross the border to Poland was arrested and put in jail. After his release he claimed a gold watch that the police took away from him. He got jailed again and eventually he died more than 10 years after his release. See Yitzchak Kaplan memoir letter for full story.

[N15] During the war two brothers (Zizl and Itzik) escaped to the forest.
See letter from Itzhak Kaplan (Jun 97) describing him.

[N16] Parents:
Louis Max Kaplan - buried Pinelands 1 Cape Town next to Jillian Blacher/Eden. Died 17/9/78 age 94
Fannie Kaplan - buried as above. Died 25/7/92 aged 92
Their children - Sydney, Ruth and Ernest.

[N17] Went to Australia in August 1992

[N18] Named after his great grandmother FREDa Rochle Tatz

[N19] Lived in Israel since 1978
Named after CHasia REza Tatz her grandmother

[N20] Went to Australia in August 1992

[N21] Works for McLaren (1995) Jackie Stewart (1996)
Came to UK from Australia 27/01/1990

[N22] Lived on an estate called VIZBER near the stetl Girkalnis. The estate was rented from Polish landlords. He was known by local Jews as Moishe Visbarer and the family di Visbarer. Other farms connected with Tatz's were Skri and Olgovo.
Died following a stroke as a result of encountering a burglar.
Passport notes 1906 - 'Girkalnis town-dweller; passport issued in Girkalnis on 5 Nov.1906 for 1y.; renewed on 24 Jun 1910 for 1y.; came from Girkalnis on 1 Dec.1906; lives in LATUSHEVICH's house; tradesman; left; died'

Married in Cekiske. Rabbi Eliash Gordon, Witnesses Leib Moise Poston and Motes ben Pinkhas

[N23] to Israel in 1922. See note under Masha Sax

[N24] Passport notes 1911 - 'passport issued in Girkalnis on 16 Mar 1911 for 1 year; renewed on 30 Apr 1912 for 1 year; renewed on 6 Jun 1913 for 1 year; came on 21 May 1911; lives in FRIDMAN's house; left for Girkalnis 29 May? 1913'

2nd marriage note: Joselis was widower and Pese was widow and born in Girkalnis

[N25] In 1915 Revision List - Girkalnis towndweller; estate 'Bergovo,' Mankunai volost; dairy.
Passport notes 1906 - 'Girkalnis town-dweller; passport issued in Girkalnis on 11 Dec.1904 for 5 y.; renewed on 24 May 1910 for 5 y.; came from Girkalnis on 4 May 1906;lives in MEYEROVICH's house; tradesman; left; came back

2nd marriage note: Smuilas was widower and Cipa was widow

[N26] Allegedly died from beating in Russia after WW1(source Rachelle Ditzian). Following his death his wife and children went to Lithuania - possibly Panevezys.

[N27] Rostov is 504k SSE of Voronezh on n/east corner of Sea of Azov
Went to Israel in 1922? (Rachelle Ditzian) See note under Masha Saks

[N28] to Israel in 1922. See note under Masha Sax

[N29] Masha came to Israel in 1922 aged about 12.
She had gone with her parents and sisters from Russia to Lithuania following death of her father but her mother wanted them to go to Israel. They were poor and the British administration only allowed entry to business people. Her fathers South African uncles (Sax) each borrowed £1000 and sent it to Lithuania. This persuaded the authorities they were business people and they were allowed entry. They then returned the loans and reverted to poverty but were now in Israel.
Masha is a male name in Russian but her name was actually in honour of her father Moshe whose name was spelt the same in Hebrew i.e. Mem Shin Hey.

[N30] Died of cancer

[N31] Murdered in Israel by Arab

[N32] Parental original name (in Poland) was Danaetz. Became known in Wales as Danovitch. Ralph changed name to Hadani (from tribe of Dan) in Israel.
Aliyah 1957

[N33] Named after her aunt - MInA (Tatz) Sax

[N34] Lives in Germany (1995)

[N35] Came to Israel with two brothers - Alfred and Leon, in the 1930's. His fathers name was Matathiau.

[N36] Said to have been nicknamed Pika as her brother Zeev couldn't say Penina

[N37] Professor at University of Alberta

[N38] lived in Krakenova now Krekenava 69k ese of Siauliai. Keidan area

[N39] Lives in Israel (1995)

[N40] Came to Israel in 1972

[N41] Given accomodation for about a year by Itzhak Kaplan when she first came to Israel. Worked at the Sheba Medical Centre as a volunteer doing microbiology research. Died in Israel in 1993 came to Israel in 1990

[N42] died of heart disease

[N43] Died when he hid from Germans in winter 1942 - killed by a Lithuanian policeman - Lukminas in the cemetery at Raseiniai.

[N44] Killed by Russian POW's on the run.

[N45] lived in Siauliai after mariage until sent by Russians to Russia.
Dzerzhinsk is 40km east of Gorky - between Gorky and Moscow.

Foreign Passport # 2688/56 issued in 24 Feb 1931. Had visa for Latvia.

[N46] Was Head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the hospital in Siauliai and was one of the founders of the Hebrew Gymnasium (school) in the town. A most moving account of the horrors of life in the Siauliai Ghetto (written by him and recently published - in Hebrew) is in my posession.

Collaborated with his close friend Boruch Chaim Cassel on a project to collect Yiddish folksongs from the Keidan area. A book, published in St Petersburg in 1901 and often cited as the earliest comprehensive collection of Yiddish folk music, is roughly 40% comprised of their contribution - 154 folksongs in all. (the book, called the Ginzburg-Marek collection for its two editors, was reissued in 1992 by Bar Ilan Press in Israel)
He also contributed to a history of Keidan published in NY in 1930 by Boruch Cassel.

[N48] Nachum's father was also named Ekhiel Zilberman and is said (by the younger Ekhiel) to be related to the Blachers altho the exact relationship is not known. According to N's son Ekhiel, Ekhiel the father was born into a family named Rappoport, probably in Vilna.
When he was about 20 he was forced to change his surname. For this he was registered to a childless Zilberman family in Girtagola
Dzerzhinsk is 40km east of Gorky - between Gorky and Moscow.

[N49] In Acco - Israel came to Israel in 1990 from the Gorkii region of the Soviet Union (Dzerzhinsk).
Until 1941 lived in Siauliai - because they were wealthy, mother went to Germany to give birth to children.

Lithuania Foreign Passport # 2688/56 issued in 24 Feb 1931. Had visa for Latvia.

[N50] Whilst in Vitebsk work 'had something to do with the river' (Dvina River)
Arrived in South Africa on the Armadale Castle on 15th Dec 1924 and was listed as going to his uncle, Phillip Tannenberg, in Station Road, Paarl. Name listed as Nochum Schedrinsko.
On passport issued Minsk 24 Sept 1929, surname also listed as SCHTCHEDRINSKI. Last address shown in RSA Pass Book as Orolowsky Street, Vitebsk, Russia.
Jewishgen Revision list entry gives surname as SIDORISKIS/SIDORISHKI. Unconnected (so far) results found searching SHCHEDRINSKI.

[N51] grave U1971

[N52] Cremated

[N53] From Joans first marriage

[N54] Listed by SA Board of Deputies as having arrived aged 68 with wife Sara aged 59 at Cape Town oin the Windsor Castle on 22/7/1929 to meet Philip Trope from Paarl.
Info from Leslie Trope in 2014 - Louis was the oldest and years before the family went to South Africa, He went to South Africa to join the army. He sustained a head injury and became confused and "crazy" He eventually died and is buried in the Pretoria Jewish cemetary. Because he went crazy (mad) the family did not want anybody to know about him as this was a disgrace for the family. My own father refused to discuss this with me or anybody. It was a hidden secret. None of us knew about Louis until Morris told Rose the story and she spilled the beans by telling my sister Shirley. (Louis is not included on the Tree as no other record has been found of him to date).

[N55] came to Israel abt 1926.
From Dubi Levitte - She told me once how her family was expelled from their town by the Russian army in the first WW. they had only two hours to pack and leave and were lucky because they had a cart and a mule. She came to Israel as a young woman and got a scholarship from (I think) Lord Rothschild foundation to study Pharmacology in Switzerland (1933). She was an outstanding woman.

[N56] Listed by SA Board of Deputies as having arrived in Cape Town on 13/11/1927 on the Guildford Castle (as Gulet Trusfus) aged 21 from Pasvitin. Meeting P Trope from Paarl.

[N57] Listed by SA Board of Deputies as having arrived in Cape Town on the Windsor Castle on 13/7/1925 (as Moishe Trusfus) aged 17 from Pasvitin. Meeting P Trope from Paarl.
Note from Leslie Trope (2014): Morris was an angel. A very sensitive guy and emotional. Completely controlled by his wife Rose. In Lithuania, there was at Christmas time a parade where a large cross was carried through the street. Everybody had to bow down to the cross. Morris refused and was arrested but luckily my Dad, who was already in South Africa, managed to get him out to South Africa. My father was responsible for the whole family going to South Africa....he paid for it all..he was a butcher at the time and later opened a store in Paarl, South Africa

[N58] Passport notes 1906 - 'Movsha TATS' wife; passport issued on 3 Aug.1911 for 1y'.

[N59] The death of Abe Saul at such an early age had a profound effect on the family. Died of appendicitis.

[N60] Mother's sister is Mrs Dover, wife of the late Mr Dover who taught Hebrew at Carmel College. Died from complications of a bone marrow transplant for Leukemia in Memorial Sloane Kettering Hospital in Manhattan.

[N61] Died of ruptured aneurysm

[N62] Went to Australia 9/2/1987

[N63] Joniskis=Yanishok
Sister Tilley Feinsinger in Krugersdorp, South Africa
Great neice from brother - Polly Tannenbaum also Krugersdorp m. to Hymie Tannenbaum

[N64] came to America to look after Hinda Riva who was ill
Bnai Israel Cemetery, (401 426 3534), 3701 Southern Avenue, Baltimore, MD. 21206

Additional details from death certificate #B79,737:
residence: 1418 South/Gough/Hough St, Baltimore.
doctor attended her from June 4th when death occurred at 9:30pm
cause of death: cerebral apoplexy, duration of 1 day
contributory: probably a degenerative heart lesion
doctor: J C Josephson MD
informant: Abraham Wolpert 1419 same street - probably neighbour.
place of burial: Belair Rd Hebrew Cemetery
date of burial: June 6th
undertaker: Max Levinson, 1138 (unreadable) Street.

[N65] In a ghetto in Lithuania during the War - after the War was taken with others by her son Elija to Kazan, Russia.

Vadim Trusfus says that her grave in Arskoe Cemetery can no longer be found as the gravestone was never erected and the exact location is no longer remembered. His father, Valeri, was 10 at the time and only approximately remembers the location - he describes it as "in the Jewish part, near the 'winch'".
Another note says grave was destroyed during the reconstruction of the cemetery in late 20th century.
Owned a house at Linkovskaya St. , Pasvitin
In 1943 a number of Lithuanian families from the Siauliai area worked together to save Jewish men, women and children. Some of these Lithuanian families have already been recognised by Yad va Shem. Their leader was Juozas Petrulis who was honoured in 1980. The other families - Kalendra, Plekavicius, Garbaciauskas, Vaskys - were honoured in 2008. The remaining family of this group was Levinskis family of Zagare. Batya Trusfus was saved by Eduardas and Terese Levinskas and Lilja Vilandaite, who hid and sheltered her for 11 months. Her granddaughter Ruth, born 1937, was with Levinskas for only a few days and was sent to another family. After the war Batya's son, Eliya, returned and took his mother (Batya) and niece (Ruth) to Russia, where they found other members of the family. The son, Leonas Levinskas, born 1931, was then a child of about 10 years and remembers the events. He is alive, age 81, living in Zagare, and we plan to make a presentation to honour his parents and aunt. (from Sara Manoba 2012 - not a relative. See also the book she has subsequently written with a fuller account.)

[N66] Was a felsher, an orderly in a hospital, who had learned to set fractures during the war.

[N67] Married to artist
To Israel abt 1926

[N68] Artist

[N69] Ambassador for Israel in Phillipines

[N70] Story from Eugene Klavan suggests he came to USA before Yetta and spent his time studying. Story implies that he should have sent for Yetta and did not and that they therefore were no longer together when Yetta came to America to look after Hinda Riva. He is allegedly buried in Baltimore with an acolyte of his buried at his feet.

[N71] Came to USA on ship Kaiserin Auguste Victoria ex Hamburg dep 21st Nov 1913 arr New York 8th Dec 1913 with Shirley and Jack and Ethel

[N72] A graduate of the Yeshiva of Slabodka where he was known as Shea Yonishker. Also did work at the Rabbinical College of Wolozin.
Before coming to US (on 25-9-1924 from Danzig) lived and worked in Gilvan Lithuania
Was Chairman of Rabbinical Council of Washington a Member of the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of America and Washington delegate to the American Jewish Congress.

His first position as Rabbi was in Zaskevichi.

Rabbi Yehoshua Klavan was born to Binyomin and Rachel Klavan in Yanishok, Lithuania on Sunday August 24th 1884, Rosh Chodesh Elul 5644. He was born into a family of prominent scholars.
In his early youth Harav Yehoshua studied in nearby yeshivos, and became a disciple of Rabbi Aaron Walkin known as the " Pinsker Rav", a distinguished Rav and the author of the " Zekan Aaron" as well as other seforim.
Upon reaching the age of 17 he enrolled in the world famous Rabbinical College, Keneseth Bais Yitzchak- Slabodka, near Kovno, Lithuania. There he studied under Rav Chaim Rabanowitz (better known as Reb Chaim Telzer), whom he considered himself a talmid muvhak of. After Reb Chaim's departure to Telz, Shea Yanishker, as he was referred to in the yeshiva world, together with a group of eltere bachurim, was instrumental in bringing Rav Baruch Ber Leibowitz to serve as the Rosh Hayeshiva of Keneseth Bais Yitzchak.
He formed a very close relationship with Reb Baruch Ber that lasted throughout his lifetime. During Rabbi Leibowitze's visit to the U.S. in the early 1930's he made it a point to go and visit his Rebbe. In addition, he felt a strong sense of "hakoras hatov" to his Rebbe and the yeshiva and whenever possible he would raise funds to help support the yeshiva, even many years later when it had moved to Kaminetz.
In 1907 he married Feiga Devora Sheifer of Zezmer, Lithuania. She was the daughter of Reb Avrohom Shmuel Sheifer, one of the most respected citizens of the Zezmer community. Immediately following his marriage his rebbe, Reb Baruch Ber Leibowitz, as well as Rav Moshe Danishevsky, the Kovno Rov and a lecturer in the Slabodka Yeshiva, ordained him. Thereafter he continued his studies at the famed Yeshiva of Volozin then under the leadership of Reb Rephoel Shapiro, a son-in-law of Reb Chaim Voloziner, and the author of "Toras Rephoel". While there he received semicha from Reb Rephoel Shapiro.
His first position as Rabbi was in the small town of Zaskevitch, near Vilna, Lithuania. He served the community until the outbreak of World War I in 1914 when he and many members of his community were forced into Central Russia. They finally established residence in the city of Kursk, where he devoted his energies to helping refugees in the area.
In 1921 after they finally departed Russia He was appointed as the Rov in Gilvan, Lithuania a city near Kovno. He remained in that position until his departure to the U.S. three years later.
In September 1924 on the advice of his mother he emigrated, together with his entire family, to the U.S. In the years to come he would repeatedly praise his mother for this sagely piece of advice.
Upon their arrival in the U.S. they settled in the Bronx on the lower east side of New York City. They remained there until 1926, during which time he served as the Rov in one of the local shuls (Possibly they had been the ones who had served as guarantors on his papers to be allowed entry into the U.S.).
In 1926 he was appointed as a Rov in one of the local shuls in Burlington, Vermont. He served in this capacity until 1936
In 1936 he was appointed as the Rov of the larger Southwest Talmud Torah Congregation as well as the head of the Agudas Hakehilos of Washington D.C. He was to remain in this position until his passing 17 years later.
In 1943 he was among the founders of the Hebrew Academy. He served as the schools honorary president until his passing in 1953.
Throughout the war years he was very involved in the work of the Vadd Hatzaloh.
Rabbi Yehoshua passed away in July of 1953.
His son, Rabbi Hillel Klavan, succeeded him as Rabbi of the shul.

[N73] Came to USA on ship Kaiserin Auguste Victoria ex Hamburg dep 21st Nov 1913 arr New York 8th Dec 1913 with Ethel and Jack and mother

[N74] Family had dried goods stores in Zezmer

[N75] Grew up in Burlington, Vermont

[N76] to USA abt 1914

[N77] Published in The New York Times on August 21, 2012:

SCHWARTZ--Roslyn, nee Parnes, Died August 18, 2012 surrounded by her family following a protracted illness. She was born June 15, 1927 in the Bronx. She graduated from Hunter College in 1946 and earned a PhD in Psychology from Adelphi University in 1969. Roslyn was an accomplished pianist who gave a concert at Town Hall in New York City at the age of 20. As a music therapist Roslyn ended segregation at Delaware State Hospital. Roslyn was a psychotherapist of international renown who practiced both individually and with her husband, Dr. Leonard Schwartz, in New York City and on Long Island. She published "Becoming A Couple: A Psychotherapeutic Theory of Relationships," with her husband. Roslyn was a long-time member of the American Academy of Psychotherapists and served as an officer. Roslyn also created and hosted "On Becoming A Woman," airing on channel 12 in Islip, NY. Roslyn was a loving wife, mother of four, and grandmother of six. She is survived by her husband Leonard; her siblings Tinette Sterling and Melvin Parnes; her daughters: Ellen Schiff, Dr. Debra Kuhn, Judi Schwartz and Dr. Karen Schwartz; and her grandchildren: Sheira, Micaela, Nathan, Sara, Lily, and Lauren. She was an inspiration to all and will be sorely missed by her family and those who knew her.

[N78] Born St Marys Hospital, Paddington

[N79] Committed Suicide. Beautiful testimonial book (in Hebrew) published by his mother - copy in my posession.

[N80] Skaudvile is west of Rasein and is in the general vicinity.

[N81] To Australia in mid-1996

[N82] Went to Australia in Jan 1996

[N83] To Australia in 1996

[N84] Died whilst on a visit to Chaim ~Blacher in Cape Town.

[N85] Died in war in air crash in Kenya

[N86] Died in accident

[N87] Lived in Jerusalem 1978-1981
Lived Australia since January 1982
Was Associate Professor at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology

[N88] sister of Karen Abrams who is the wife of her brother in law Lawrence Blumberg ie two brothers married two sisters.

[N89] Peppertree, 19880 Sawgrass Lane, Unit 3904, Boca Raton, Florida 33434,
tel 407 482 9199/488 0871 fax 407 488 0877

[N90] Was part of Galitzia, now MOSTI DOBROTVIR, Ukraine
Buried Nassau County, Long Island in same cemetery as Heinz+Leni Cooper ie Beth David Cemetery, Elmont, NY. Location Sec1, Blk 5, Map 1151, Plot D, Row 16, Grave 19.
The following note was written by Peter Eden (grandson of Gershon):
"After the Germans took over Austria, Daddy wanted to get his parents, Leni, Heinz and Walter out of Austria. They all therefore applied for Emigration Visas for both England and the UK. To apply for a visa to these countries an affidavit had to be signed by a resident saying that they would be responsible for them in the country financially as they would not be allowed to work. Daddy did the affidavits for them for the UK and Charles Swimmer did the affidavits for the USA.
I do not have the dates when the grandparents and the others came to London except that things were getting bad in Austria so it was decided that they should come to London on a visitors permit, i.e. to reside here whilst awaiting their emigration visas for the USA. They probably came here early in 1939 ( I believe all together). My parents then rented them an apartment also in Brownlow Court No 7 or No 8 and there they stayed. Then, I believe in l940 or late 39 after the war started they received the emigration permits for the USA and around the same time they received the residence permits for the UK. Daddy then went to the Home office to ask permission for them to stay in the Uk as the permits had come through but this was refused on the basis that they had entered the UK on transit documents for the USA. They therefore had to continue to the USA. Again I do not have exact dates but can probably get all these from Walter. All I know is that Leni/Heinz and Walter went to the States first. They stayed firstly at Charles and Golde Swimmer before renting an apartment at 1081 Eastern Parkway in Brooklyn and I suppose that Heinz got a job. Then the Grandparents went over to New York. All went by boat."

It appears as if Jewish marriages in Galicia were not officially recognised so the children of Leah formally carried the name Botknecht initially even though they may have been known as Eisgrau. See handwritten but officially recorded (by Israelitisch Kultusgemeine in Vienna) note dated 6-7-1916 on Sigmund Eisgrau birth certificate confirming that names of Gershon and Sigmund were formally changed from Botknecht to Eisgrau and registered at Kaiserlich Koeniglich Niederoesterreichische Stadhalterei on 30-6-1916.

[N91] Buried Nassau County, Long Island in same cemetery as Heinz+Leni Cooper

[N92] Came to the USA for the bris of his grandson Jack Kurier, and died.
Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna Gate (Tor) 1, Group 49a, Row 9, Grave 18 - alongside his son Avraham.
Lived Ober Donaustrasse 7.

[N93] It appears as if Jewish marriages in Galicia were not officially recognised so the children of Leah formally carried the name Botknecht initially even though they may have been known as Eisgrau. See handwritten but officially recorded (by Israelitisch Kultusgemeine in Vienna) note dated 6-7-1916 on Sigmund Eisgrau birth certificate confirming that names of Gershon and Sigmund were formally changed from Botknecht to Eisgrau and registered at Kaiserlich Koeniglich Niederoesterreichische Stadhalterei on 30-6-1916.

[N94] Picture 4:
standing: Sol Barnett, Sally (Unknown) Swimmer, Sam Swimmer, Tessie (Swimmer) Somers, Harry Somers, Anette (Swimmer) Barnett, Burt Barnett
seated: Eleanor (Swimmer) Barnett, Charles Swimmer, Golde, Jack Swimmer, Henrietta (Unknown) Swimmer

Picture 5:
standing: Melli (Weinraub) Eisgrau, Lily (Strick) Oliver, Michele (Strick) Berton, Bella (Unknown) Eisgrau, Melli (Ehrenfreund) Kurier
seated: Alfred Eisgrau, Charles Swimmer, Golde, Sigi Eisgrau, Jack Kurier

Picture 6:
standing: Michele (Strick) Berton, Harry Somers, Lily (Strick) Oliver, Robert Strick, Bella (Unknown) Eisgrau, Sigi Eisgrau, Eleanor (Swimmer) Barnett, Leni (Eisgrau) Cooper, Sol Barnett, Alfred Eisgrau, Melli (Weinraub) Eisgrau, Anette (Swimmer) Barnett, Melanie (Ehrenfreund) Kurier, Burt Barnett, Jack Kurier
seated: Tessie (Swimmer) Somers, Sam Swimmer, Sally (Unknown) Swimmer, Charles Swimmer, Golde, Jack Swimmer, Henrietta (Unknown) Swimmer.

[N95] Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna Gate IV, Group 11, Row 4, Grave 75.

[N96] Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna. Gate (Tor) 1, Group 49a, Row 9, Grave 18A. See note on his stone re his wife Nissel - this plaque is not on earlier picture of the stone. Buried alongside his father Samuel.
Lived Wurtemberggasse 3.

[N97] Census data that he lived at 1520, St Mark's Avenue, Brooklyn, NY.
Came to the USA 1897
Naturalized 1917

[N98] Very keen chess player

Billboard Magazine - 31 Oct 1964.
Col.-SG's Eisgrau Is Dead at 59.
New York - Siegfried Eisgrau, 59, head of the copyright department and assistant secretary of Screen-Gems Colombia Music Inc, Colgems Music Corporation and Gower Music, Inc., died here Monday (19).
He had been a contracts and copyright manager for 13 years and had been with Hill & Range for 11 years before joining Aldon Music. Aldon was later absorbed into the Colombia Pictures-Screen Gems combine.
Eisgrau was an attorney in his native Vienna before coming to the United States. He leaves a widow, Mrs Bella Eisgrau, and a brother, Alfred.

[N99] Handicapped

[N100] Married a second time after death of Jack to Steve D'Artois

[N101] Birth name was Gertrude - name legally changed to Michele on acquisition of US citizenship (allegedly after Michele Morgan).

[N102] Magician

[N103] Live Hancock Park, Los Angeles, CA.

[N104] His last residence was East Orange, New Jersey. He died in Florida. I believe in West Palm Beach. He drowned while swimming in the ocean. Supposedly it was a dangerous area to be swimming in. I believe he hit his head against a rock. Jerry had a number of jobs in his life, but I think he mostly worked in sales. He also worked as a courier for a lawyer and was even a policeman for 2 or 3 years. (Info from Jonathan Bloomfield - connection is that Jerry/Gerald's brother Burton was Jonathan's grandfather).

[N105] Lila is pursuing a masters in social work at New York University (1999)

[N106] Born autistic - non-verbal. In an institution since four years old. A ward of the State of NY.

[N107] Yakov is a rabbi and works as a 4th grade teacher in a Yeshiva

[N108] Possibly born in Kansas City, MO.

[N109] Disabled through climbing accident.
Divorced Feb 1973

[N110] Neuhaus is now known as JINDRICHUV HRADEC (26k NE of Budweis, now CESKE BUDEJOVICE).
Neuotting is now known as Nova Vcelnice (was at one time Etink Novy but this is somehow an inappropriate expression so it was changed) and is situated NW of Neuhaus, between Jarosov and Kamenice.
One of 7 children - 4 girls and 3 boys.
Sister Baba with whom she lived in Vienna. Baba died in concentration camp in WW2.
Second sister lived in Lemberg and died in WW2 - had children but no information.
Third sister lived in Budapest. Again, had children but no information.
Brother Max made a fortune in oil in southern Russia. His house in Doebling in Vienna became the US Ambassadors' house. He had two daughters - one married an Austrian Graf and subsequently comitted suicide. Second daughter married an Italian Count and died of TB. Max died before WW2.
Brother Sammy

Arrived in UK 5/6/1938

Emilie was born in house No 99 assisted by midwife Antonia Slaube. The local synagogue was at house 79.

Ashes at Hoop Lane - Cemetery side - second bay from right on wall backing on to Hoop Lane. Right hand wall Column 1 Row 5.

[N111] Now WROCLAW, Poland
Buried Central Friedhof Gate (Tor) IV, Group 17, Row 1, Grave 4

[N112] Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna Gate (Tor) 1, Group 19, Row 6, Grave 48. Buried with his wife Katherina.
Lived Marxberg 38.

[N113] Lived in Weintraubgasse, Vienna. Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna, Gate (Tor) 1, Group 19, Row 6, Grave 48. Buried with her husband Jacob.
Died Isr. Hospital.

[N114] Lived in Vienna.
Another Sophie Winternitz died at Thresienstadt - b 5-9-1859 d 31-8-1942

[N115] Lived in Vienna. Made a fortune in oil in Southern Russia. Was very wealthy - his house in Doebling became US ambassadors house.
Died before WW2

[N116] Died before WW2

[N117] Lived in Budapest, Hungary

[N118] Lived in Lemberg. Died in WW2

[N119] Died of Tuberculosis

[N120] Died in WWI

[N121] Went to USA before WW2

[N122] Went to USA before WW2

[N123] Lived in Lemberg, Galitzia

[N124] Married Austrian aristocrat and committed suicide.

[N125] Married Italian Count - lived in Italy

[N126] Lived in Italy

[N127] Head of Aeronautics at Technion in Jerusalem

[N128] Death certificate spells place of birth - Przemyslany.
Buried Zentral Friedhof Vienna. Gate (Tor) 1, Group 20a, Row 8, Grave 30. Note difference in date of death on gravestone and on records (which say 1939). Note also stone must have been organised by his only child, his daughter Laura. No mention on his stone of his wife who only died a year later in Poland so possibility that they were separated as he lived in Vienna.

[N129] now Zolynia

[N130] Came to New York from Vienna in 1938
Gravestone says dob 1914. Believed to be untrue.

[N131] Came to New York in 1937 or 1938 - six months before Laura

[N132] Stayed behind when brothers fled to USA in order to look after parents and grandparents. Perished at hands of Nazis.

[N133] Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna Gate (Tor) 1, Group 8, Row 28, Grave 18a - buried with her husband Moriz Ludwig altho no inscription of her name on the stone itself.

[N134] Buried Zentral Friedhof, Vienna Gate (Tor) 1, Group 8, Row 28, Grave 18a - buried with his wife Julchen/Julie altho no inscription of her name on the stone itself.

[N135] Lived in Lemberg, Galitzia

[N136] Officer in Polish Army - died in WW II

[N137] Committed suicide in Vienna

[N138] In Lithuanian, Henna is Gene, in Yiddish it is Heine
Came to Israel on 6th Feb 1972

[N139] To Israel 4th April 1974

[N140] 6lb 10oz at birth. Anna and Daniel in New York for 2-3 year secondment from KPMG.

[N141] Died in Russian Army. Called to Moscow Oktyabrskiy recruitmant, Kallnin Front. Lieutenant 3rd rank.

[N142] Crippled

[N143] After War took his mother and sisters to Kazan in Russia.
Was a Public Prosecutor in Moscow.

[N144] Shot

[N145] Went to Siberia
Internal Passport #1520304 issued in Anyksciai in 1933.

[N146] On official papers also known as Moisha Aizikovich Trusfus and Michail Alexandrovich Trusfus.
Was a deputy of the chief of the planning department at a plant in Kazan, Russia.
Buried in Arskoe Cemetery alongside wife Anna Trusfus, Alexander Trusfus and Misha Yoffe

[N147] In a Ghetto in Lithuania during the War - after the War was taken with her mother and others by her brother Elija to Kazan in Russia.
Ethel Trusfus buried together with husband Zelig Kolodny and Aron Yoffe

From Sara Manobla ( June 2012:

Testimony for Righteous among the Nations

File compiled by - Katya Gusarov

THE RESCUERS Levinskas, Eduardas 1893-1975
Levinskiene, Terese 1903-1949
Vilandaite, Lilija 1900-1948

THE SAVED Trusfus Batia
Jaffe/Yoffe Ruta, her granddaughter

In 2006 I received material on a Jewish family, Gordimer, saved from Siauliai ghetto. Several Lithuanian families were involved in the rescue, who over the years were recognised as Righteous of the Nations. Some of the witnesses recalled the Jewish Trusfus family who also were rescued from the Siauliai ghetto, and were hidden by relatives and friends of the people who had saved the Gordimer family. With the help of the Lithuanian Jewish Museum I gathered the material needed to open this file.

The central document in the file is the request of the rescued Eta Kolodnaya Trusfus, to the head of the Lithuanian Communist party in 1945.
"Dear Friends!
Forgive me for taking up your precious time. This letter is written in gratitude and wonderment for the people who sacrificed themselves in order to save other people. I, one of the few Lithuanian Jews who were saved from the Fascist criminals. All my family - father, two sisters, family of my brother, husband and all his family were murdered by the Hitlerites. Those were saved: myself, my mother and the two small children of my sister. We were save d only because of the self- sacrifice and the humanity of some Lithuanian citizens. In my opinion , their acts were acts of heroism. I would wish that all our country would know about them, the finest sons and daughters of our country.
Juozas Petrulis, now lives in Vilnius, works at the National Education Museum. Even though I did not know him before, we- myself, my mother and my niece and nephew - lived in his apartment in Siauliai until other hiding places were found for us. Notwithstanding the danger to his life, he did his duty as a human being. Afterwards, when my mother, an old lady of 80, had to leave the previous hiding place and return to Siauliai, Comrade PetruLis came in the full light of day to the place where she was waiting for him, and found another hiding place for her. My little niece stayed with him in Siauliai until rumours began to circulate that Petrus was helping Jews and was a communist. Petrulis was forced to leave Siauliai, but before leaving he found another hiding place for the child with good hearted people.
Andrius Kalendra - a resident of the village Senaukiai. He hid me, my nephew (my sister's son) and another Jewish child. For 11 months he fed us and protected us from danger.
Alekna Povilas and Paulina from…..Lepine - protected my sister's daughter for 8 months, fed her and looked after her as if she were his own child.
Levinskas family, and their sister Lilija Vilandaite, residents of Zagare - for 11 months they hid, fed and looked after my mother.
All these people, who did so much for us, were not known to us before. As time passes and we are more distant from the terrible period and the terrible happenings, the feeling of wonderment at their doings grows ever stronger, as does our wish to
show our gratitude. I would like everyone to know about them, not only their acts of heroism, but also their acts of love for the homeland.
Eta Kolodnaya,
now living in Kazan.

1. A memoir written by Eduardas Levinskas (b. 1893)and his son Leonas Levinskas, (b. 1931). I received this through the Jewish Museum in Vilnius, from Leonas Levinskas. Written by hand in Lithuanian, the memoir was translated into Russian by a volunteer who works with me. In the memoir father and son recount the fate of the Jews of Zagare, and how Terese Levinskiene approached the German governor of Siauliai asking for a halt to the persecution of the Jews. She thought that this was happening on the initiative of the Zagare local authority. They describe the arrest of Tereze, and how she was released at the last moment before she was to be put to death. The father and the son write how in 1944 an old lady came to their house, the widow of the pharmacist Trusfus from Sakenai (Siauliai district) together with her small granddaughter. The granddaughter did not stay for long with the Levinskas family and was taken to another place, while Mrs Trusfus was hidden in the Levinskas house till the liberation. After the liberation her son came from Moscow and took her away(The memoir is not dated).

2. The book "Soldiers without Arms" edited by Sofija Binkiene, a Lithuanian survivor, published in 1967. It contains a short article about the same subject, called "The Good Uncle". Here is a translation of the piece;
"In 1943 the Germans began to destroy the children of the Siauliai ghetto. In this most difficult period Juozas Petrulis and his friends organised an escape for Doctor Trusfus-Joffe, and her family. The doctor was in the ghetto with her daughter Ruta age 6, her son Mausha age 8, her sister Eta and their mother age 68. Juozas Petrulis gave them his address. At night, at a time agreed beforehand, all of them came to him. For a time all the family was hidden in Petrulis' house in Siauliai. When suspicion was aroused Petrulis found other hiding places for them all. Mausha and Eta went to Andrey Kalendra, the mother to Levinskas in Zagare, Ruta stayed with Petrulis and afterwards was sent to Alekna, in the Kupiskes region, and from there to Levinskas and Kalendra. Petrulis remained in touch with the those he had saved. He also helped another Jewish family from Siauliai - Yosef and Maria Rattner. They were hidden near Siauliai and later died. Those he saved have not forgotten Petrulis. In 1967 Ruta visited him (today she is an engineer in Kazan). Here is a letter written by her mother to Petrulis in 5 March 1945: "My respected and good-hearted friend, there are no words to express my thanks to you for saving my family. I cannot compensate you for what you have done, and express my profound gratitude till my dying days. My daughter Ruta calls you "the good uncle", and my mother calls you "the angel". From the bottom of my heart I thank you - there are no words that can convey my feelings. I kiss your hand and wish you a happy life.
Dr. R. Trusfus Joffe."
From the information detailed above it would seem that a number of Lithuanian families were involved in rescuing a number of Jews from the Siauliai. I found that Juozas Petrulis was recognised as a Righteous among the Nations in 1980 following a request from a witness who gave verbal testimony and the account in the book by Sofija Binkiene. The Kalendra family was recognised in 2008 following the evidence given by George Gordimer, one of the rescued. There are no further details about the Alekna family other than what is written in the letters by Eta Kolodnaya Trusfus and Doctor Yoffe Trusfus. The descendants of the Levinskas family are alive and I am in contact with them, so that their biographical details are available. It is important to note that Petrulis, Kalendra and Levinskas were all long time friends, and members of the circle who supported the ideas and life style of Lev Tolstoy - a mixture of spirituality and manual labour.

I was not able to trace the rescued or their descendants, except that Ruta came to Israel in 1991, and deposited a page of evidence about the dead of her family. Through her account I was able to find the first name of her mother, who had been hidden by Levinskas.

I couldn't understand where Dr. R. Trusfus Joffe came from. My opinion is that she was not one of the rescued. Perhaps she was in the depths of the USSR and was reunited with her children Ruta and Mausha after the liberation. According to the testimony of Ruta's father, her mother was called Riva, and her family name was Trusfus, married name Joffe.

Among the testimonies I found two pages deposited by Ida Trusfus of Jerusalem, in 1955. I believe this was a sister of Eta who perhaps came to Israel before the war. It is interesting that Ida filled in testimony pages for only two of her sisters - Zila and Gita. Ruta filled in testimony pages for them and also for other relatives, in 1991.

[N148] In a Ghetto in Lithuania during the War - after the War was taken with her mother and others by her brother Elija to Kazan in Russia.
Was Chief of a hospital in Kazan.
Was mobilised into the Red Army on the first day of the War and was sent from Lithuania to work in a hospital in Kazan.

[N149] In a Ghetto in Lithuania during the War - after the War was taken with her mother and others by her brother Elija to Kazan in Russia.

Moved to Israel in 1991

[N150] To Israel 20th July 1987

[N151] May have been a Rabbi in Vaskai (not far from Pasvitin, Lithuania). Note on Revision List 1898 - Lives on the manor of Kyburiai, Kyburiai Volost since 1877 - a peddlar.
son of Movsha Head of Household 47 lives on the manor of Kyburiai, Kyburiai Volost since 1877; a peddler

[N152] Came to Oklahoma in 1938.

[N153] To US from Lithuania in April 1938 - lived in Lawton, Oklahoma.

[N154] Sponsored for entry to SA in approx 1906 by father's (Binyamin Klavansky) sister Tilley Feinsinger from Krugersdorp

[N155] Sponsored to US by Morris Rosenthal. Lived in Baltimore. Came in approx 1907
Opened pawnbroker in Baltimore 1918
Buried in Section B, Block 9, Lot 60.

[N156] Came to USA on ship Kaiserin Auguste Victoria ex Hamburg dep 21st Nov 1913 arr New York 8th Dec 1913 with Shirley and Ethel and mother
Naturalised 1st April 1941

[N157] Came to USA on ship Kaiserin Auguste Victoria ex Hamburg dep 21st Nov 1913 arr New York 8th Dec 1913 with Shirley and Jack and mother

[N158] At age 16 went to Riga illegally to work as a seamstress for 4 years
Sponsored to US by Sol Klavan in approx 1912

[N159] Buried in RCA section of cemetery.

[N160] Sister of Effie Kanter - wife of Joseph Rosenberg. Her mother Molly was a lifelong friend of Rochl Klavansky
Buried in Section B, Block 9, Lot 60.

[N161] Obituary from New York Times 9th April 2004

Gene Klavan, Radio Show Host, Dies at 79
Published: April 9, 2004

Gene Klavan, who first as half of the radio show "Klavan and Finch" and then as a solo performer, brought slicing wit, a knack for voices and peppery irreverence to New York morning radio audiences for 25 years, died yesterday at New York-Presbyterian Hospital in Manhattan. He was 79 and lived in Manhattan.

The cause was complications of multiple myeloma, his son Ross said.

From 1952 to 1968, Mr. Klavan was the comic half of Klavan and Finch, heard on WNEW, then one of the leading AM radio stations in New York. With Dee Finch as straight man, Mr. Klavan changed into the voices of wacky characters like Trevor Traffic, Mr. Nat, Sy Kology, Victor Verse and Emilio Percolator. The sound of a slamming door signaled a character's arrival.

Mr. Klavan's shows were an integral part of the personality of a station known for its polish and for standards by America's great songwriters. He, however, became famous for zaniness and a comic irreverence that sometimes extended even to his sponsors. His success as a pioneer shock jock, tame by today's standards, was suggested by an article in The New York Times in 1971 that reported that a third of that 24-hour station's revenues were generated by his four-hour show. When he threatened to fire the fictional Trevor, the station was deluged with calls.

"Music was secondary," he said in an interview with The Times in 1983, referring to his show. "It was all ad lib."

Eugene Kantor Klavan was born in Baltimore on May 4, 1924. He attended Johns Hopkins University, but quit to enlist in the Army. He served in the Pacific during World War II and later was an entertainer for the military.

He began his radio career in Baltimore and Washington, but came to New York on the strength of an offer from Channel 11. A friend intercepted him and told him that WNEW's highly successful radio team of Rayburn and Finch was breaking up after five good years. Gene Rayburn was going to NBC.

Mr. Klavan auditioned for the job on the theory, he told The Times in 1971, that "if I died up here on TV, I was really dead; on the other hand, if I died on New York radio, nobody'd be the wiser."

Finch retired in 1968 and Mr. Klavan continued the show alone as "Klavan in the Morning." In 1977 he moved to WOR-AM and left radio in 1980. Mr. Finch died in 1983.

Mr. Klavan later worked as a host for the American Movie Classics cable television channel, as a columnist for Newsday, a comic commentator for WCBS-TV and a semiprofessional photographer. He wrote two books, one on his years with WNEW and one on the news media.

In addition to his son Ross, who lives in Manhattan, Mr. Klavan is survived by his wife of 57 years, Phyllis; his sons Scott and Laurence, of Manhattan, and Andrew of Santa Barbara; his brother, Bennett, of Chicago; and three grandchildren.

[N162] Allegedly shot and thrown into the Danube as Russians came into Hungary - Germans could no loger take prisoners out so they summarily disposed of them.
Name changed 1938.

[N163] now Dunajska Streda, Czechoslovakia - ese of Bratislava

[N164] nw of Debrecen, Hungary

[N165] Didn't return from WWII - a prisoner in Russia

[N166] Died at birth

[N167] Died at birth

[N168] Died in concentration camp

[N169] To Israel in 1973 just as Six Day War started
To New York in 1983

[N170] The name Tatz is an acronym for the Hebrew - TIYEN TZEDEK - one who claims justice.

[N171] Henna is Gene in Russian and Heile in Yiddish

[N172] Killed in a car accident

[N173] Henna is Gene in Russian and Heile in Yiddish

[N174] came to Israel in 1989

[N175] cxame to Israel in 1989

[N176] came to Israel in 1991

[N177] came to Israel with husband and children in 1991

[N178] came to Israel with wife and children in 1991

[N179] came to Israel with parents in 1991

[N180] came to Israel with parents in 1991

[N181] Came to Israel in 1990

[N182] Passport notes 1906 - 'Josvainiai town-dweller; passport issued in Josvainiai on 30 Dec. 1906 for 1 y.; permanent resident; lives in IOSELIT's house; housewife; left'

[N183] went to South Africa

[N184] At age of four moved from Kelme to Rasein. Emigrated from Vilnius to Israel in 1992

[N185] Emigrated to South Africa in 1935

[N186] Died in childhood

[N187] to Israel in 1989

[N188] Went missing - presumed dead as a result of robbery.

[N189] Emigrated to South Africa in 1935

[N190] Emigrated to South Africa in 1930

[N191] Died in evacuation

[N192] Killed in holocaust. Ziesmariai (modern) = Zhezmar (old)
Known to have still been living in Ziesmariai in 1939.
Cousin Tania Blacher, however, says he died before the War - around 1935 or 1936

[N193] Marriage by Abram ben Berel Levitan. Witnesses Shmuel Shtark and Mates ben Peisakh

Passport notes 1905 - 'Veliuona town-dweller; passport issued in Veliuona on 12 Jul 1905 for 5 years; renewed on 24 Aug 1911 for 5 years; came from Veliuona on 13 Jul 1905; lives in own house; tradesman'

Family List 1887 says registered as BLEKHER in Girkalnis, Mankunai volostj (this is the same location as listed for Freydel Friedman, his uncle)

[N194] Kelme Arrest List No 380

[N195] Kelme Arrest List No 381

[N196] Kelme Arrest List No 385

[N197] Kelme Arrest List No 384

[N198] Also known as Girshl = Hirshl in Yiddish. Jonava is 30km from Kaunas
Also has some grandchildren.

[N199] Kelme Arrest List No 386

[N200] Kelme Arrest List No 387

[N201] Kelme Arrest List No 388

[N202] to US abt 1914

[N203] When Fannie was hospitalised for 'depression', Abraham deserted three small children (Muriel, Morton and Gertrude) and returned to New York forever. The children were raised by Rose Rosenberg - then 18 - and Raye Rosenberg - then 14 - in Petersburg, VA.

[N204] Wedding certificate on jewishgen gives his name as Gesel Tabak. Wedding performed by A Tubiash. Witnesses, I Velvel and M Bashes.

to US abt 1903
started the first furniture business in lynchburg va. and
he was the secretary of the first temple to organize
Believed to have been given name Rosenthal by immigration officers at Ellis Island

[N205] Died in flu epidemic

[N206] Born Lynchburg General Hospital

[N207] Came to USA with 8 children on 12th Feb 1913 on ship 'Kursk' Russian American Lines from Libau to New York. Lived in Gruzd, Lithuania before coming to the USA.
On the Ellis Island database there is a second ship crossing record for Isaac so he definitely made a trip back to visit relatives in Lithuania: SS Estonia sailed from Libau, arriving NY on 9th Oct 1923, listed as US citizen residing at 361 Peshine Ave, Newark, NJ. born Aprl 15th, 1871

Buried: Talmud Torah Hebrew Cemetery, Orange Ave, Newark, NJ. Bnei Israel Plot, Row 14#7L, 603-09 S. The section is on the right side of the main driveway, the 8th section from the main entrance.

[N208] Aliya in 1997

[N209] Aliya in 2003

[N210] Aliya 1987

[N211] Principal of Bais Yaakov High School

[N212] Also writes under the pseudonym of Keith Peterson

[N213] Died of a massive stroke after only two years of marriage.
Buried - Talmud Torah Hebrew Cemetery, Bnai Israel Plot, 603-09 S Orange Ave, Newark, NJ. Next to mother Sarah Morgan Klavan

[N214] Second wife of Tevye Broide - his first marriage poss ended with divorce.
Name on her graveston is Eta Vinikaite-Braudene.

Obituary 1982 from Lithuanian government communist newspaper 'Soviet Lithuania'
Eta Vinikaite, participant of revolutionary movement, member of Communist Party since 1926, and honorary veteran passed away September 10 when she was close to her 81 anniversary.
E.Vinikaite was born October 21 1902 in Girkalnis (Rasein region). During WWI she lived in Rostov-na-Donu where she graduated from gymnasium.
In 1922 E.Vinikaite returned to Lithuania and worked as a nurse at hospitals of Rasein and Kaunas.
E.Vinikaite began her revolutionary activities in 1925 in Kaunas. Being member of forbidden Communist party of Lithuania E.Vinikaite was passing outlawed communist literature from Kibartai to Kaunas.
From 1930 till 1935 she was a secretary of Central Committee of Lithuanian branch of MOPR Mezhdunarodnoye Obshtchestvo Pomoshtchi Revolutzioneram - International Union of aid to revolutionaries.
Because of her communist activities she was arrested for short terms in 1930 and 1933, and after her arrest in March of 1935 she was sentenced to prison for 6 years.
Eta Vinikaite spent in Lithuanian prisons 5.5 years.
From 1941 Eta Vinikaite was a member of Lithuanian communist authorities in Kaunas. From 1955 till 1961 she worked as a librarian in Lithuanian Agricultural Academy.
For her devoted service Eta Vinikaite was awarded medal "For great service", and she received special honorary sign from Lithuanian government.
We are going to keep memory about devoted daughter of Communist Party in our hearts.
Group of comrades.

[N215] Committed suicide.

[N216] Died in childhood

[N217] Went from Rasein to Benoni. Listed by SA Board of Deputies as having arrived in Cape Town from Girkalnis on 3/7/1929 aged 29 on the Dunluce Castle. Meeting Shain from Benoni.

[N218] Committed suicide in Visbara estate

[N219] Went to Israel 1920

[N220] lived in Kelm, Lithuania- now Kelme 45km ssw of Siauliai

[N221] lived in Kelm, Lithuania - now Kelme 45km ssw of Siauliai

[N222] Lived in Chaikashki - a stetl near Raseiniai

[N224] out of Kaunas Ghetto in 1941 and left Kaunas in 1944

[N225] sister of Rose Kanter - wife of Saul Klavan

[N226] barmitzvah on 7th September 1996

[N227] Barmitzvah in Israel

[N228] Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service
Univ of Virginia

[N229] Montclair is 12 miles west of midtown Manhattan

[N230] Bar Mitzvah by Israel Klavan

[N231] Works for VP of Academic Affairs at Holyoke Community College in Holyoke, Mass

[N232] Marketing Director for company selling viewing instruments.

[N233] Her family lived near Girtegole and had a windmill.

[N234] survived the Kovno gheto where she lost her first husband and their only two year old daughter

[N235] She was accepted at the Tchiurlionis School of Arts to study piano, gave her first recital at the age of eight, followed by recitals in Moscow, Leningrad and other cities. At the age of nine she won the Lithuanian State Competition for Young Pianists.
In 1972 she emigrated to Israel, where she studied with Mindru Katz and Emanuel Krasovsky at the Rubin Academy, Tel Aviv University. In Israel, she was awarded a full scholarship from the America-Israel Cultural Foundation, which continued to sponsor her throughout all her musical studies.
In 1984 she was accepted on scholarship by the Juilliard School, under tutelage of Mme Bella Davidovich. Later she studied with Mme Nina Svetlanova at the Manhattan School of Music. Among her mentors, the pianist Jeffrey Swann.
Her prizes and awards include the Young Keyboard Artists Competition at the University of Michigan, The American Music Scholarship Association in Cincinnati; the Frinna Awerbuch International Competition in New York; the Maurice Claremont Award in Israel; and the Palm Beach Invitational International Competition third place laureate, which she won in 1992.
In January 1990 she returned to Lithuania where she played live television and radio broadcast recitals. She has performed in many countries and on broadcast media.

[N236] Emigrated to Israel in 1989

[N237] Emigrated to Israel in 1989

[N238] Emigrated to Israel in 1989

[N239] died in car accident

[N240] Hebrew name Dov Yitzchak ha'Levi
Came to South Africa approx 1919 naturalised in 1924

[N241] Grigory = Hirshl in Yiddish. Lyovitch = son of Leib.

[N242] Heberw name Zvi - Hirshl in Yiddish

[N243] Middle name Frances after her grandmother

[N244] Born Rosenberg

[N245] Moved in 1998 from Laguna Beach, CA.

[N246] Born Rosenberg.
Co wrote with his daughter, Susan, 'Manhattan Country Doctor' - the following text is from About The Author in that book:
MILTON JONATHAN SLOCUM M.D. was born in 1905 in Clifton Forge. Virginia, and raised in Petersburg, Virginia. He is a graduate of New York Medical College and has worked as a reporter for the Brooklyn Eagle, the Jersey Journal, and the Paris edition of the New York Herald Tribune. After postgraduate work in medicine in Vienna and internship at New York's Flower Hospital, Dr. Slocum opened his general practice in Hells Kitchen. During World War II he was commissioned as a medical officer in the United States Navy. From 1968 to 1982, he practised medicine in Santa Monica, California, where he is now retired. He was married for more than fifty years to the late Belle Gibralter, and has a daughter and two grand-sons. Dr. Slocum is currently working on a memoir of his medical service as an invasion physician and reluctant psychiatrist during World War II.

[N247] b. Polyclinic Hospital.
Co wrote with her father 'Manhattan Country Doctor'.



Susan Hope Slocum Hinerfeld, died April 30 in Santa Monica, CA, at age 79. She is survived by her husband of nearly 59 years, Robert Elliot Hinerfeld; two sons, Daniel Slocum (Laura Kleinhenz) and Matthew Ben (Nora Jaskowiak, MD); and five grandchildren, Sophie Rose, Eli Milton, Theo Jonathan, Willa Belle and Maude Hall. Susan was born in New York City, August 6, 1936, to Milton Jonathan Slocum, MD and Belle Esther Slocum (nee, Gibralter). Milton often walked Susan to the Calhoun School in the morning, quizzing her on Latin along the way. Susan graduated from Calhoun in 1953 and from Wellesley College in 1957. In 1959, Susan and Robert moved from Cambridge, MA to Los Angeles, where Susan worked for the public relations counselor Elaine K. Sewell Jones, wife of architect A. Quincy Jones. To get the job, Susan took a one-question exam: name the middle initial of the first director of the Museum of Modern Art. Susan instantly replied "H," for Alfred H. Barr, Jr., and began a job and a lifelong friendship with the Joneses. Through them she became acquainted with Ray and Charles Eames and developed a love of design and modernist architecture. Decades later, Susan's son Matthew worked for Ray on her final book project. Susan was a great reader, an elegant writer and an exacting editor. She was co-author, with her father, of Manhattan Country Doctor, a best-selling memoir of Dr. Slocum's 34-year medical practice in Hell's Kitchen (Scribner's, 1986). Susan edited Wellesley After-Images (1974) and was a regular book reviewer for the Los Angeles Times. She often edited Robert's appellate briefs. Susan used her love of language, literature, design, art and architecture to teach her sons and their friends to be better writers, better observers, and more creative people. Many of them credit Susan's encouragement, instruction and editorial rigor with getting them into college and graduate school and helping them launch successful careers. Susan invested time and energy in the progressive schools her children attended, Westland and Crossroads. She had a wide circle of friends, young and old, and her home was a special gathering place where lives intersected, ideas and laughter flourished, and those in need found refuge. Susan was charming, stylish, nurturing, funny, brilliant, playful, selfless and kind. She was adored by all who knew her and loved dearly by her family. As a toddler, when Susan's parents asked her to do something against her wishes, she replied: "Has I has to?" That, Susan said in recent months, was her question about dying. A memorial is planned for the fall. For information, contact Daniel Slocum Hinerfeld at:


[N248] b. Doctors Hospital, New York City

[N249] sister of Michael Ratman, husband of Cilia Tatz

[N250] sister of Debbie Abrams who is the wife of her brother in law Michael Blumberg ie two brothers married two sisters.

[N251] hebrew name Yitzchak

[N252] Lived on kibbutz Nir Eliyahu, Israel, for 15 years after he got married. Worked as a dairy farmer on the kibbutz.
Returned to South Africa in 1989

[N253] Remarried - to Sol Rosenberg

[N254] Murdered in Johannesburg picking up taxi customer.

[N255] a concentration camp survivor

[N256] Grew up on kibbutz Nir Eliyahu. Studying Mechanical Engineering at Witz University, Johannesburg.

[N257] Grew up on kibbutz Nir Eliyahu, Israel.

[N258] Grew up on kibbutz Nir Eliyahu, Israel.

[N259] Grew up on kibbutz Nir Eliyahu, Israel.

[N260] To USA in 1976

[N261] Dr. Macey Herschel Rosenthal

Dr. Macey Herschel Rosenthal, 80, of Lynchburg, died at his home Monday, July 29, 2002 after a long illness. He was the husband of Lila Abrash Rosenthal, originally of Paterson, NJ. They were wed June 10, 1945, in New York City and recently celebrated their 57th anniversary.
Dr. Rosenthal was born December 5, 1921, in Lynchburg, the son of the late Simon Herschel and Bettye Greenberg Rosenthal. He attended E. C. Glass High School, Lynchburg College, Washington and Lee University, and the University of Virginia Medical School. He specialized in urologic surgery at the Johns Hopkins Institute, and served in the U. S. Navy in Okinawa during World War II. Upon his return, he completed his internship in pathology at Duke University Medical Hospital, and surgical residencies at Beth Israel Hospital in Boston, the Mayo Clinic, and Medical College of Virginia. Returning to Lynchburg, he joined his father in private practice, where, on the staffs of the Lynchburg General and the Virginia Baptist hospitals, he practiced until his retirement in 1986. He then declared he was moving "from the operating table to the bridge table". During his career, he taught at the Baptist Hospital School of Nursing, and he often expressed particularly high regard for the nursing profession.
Macey was a passionate bridge player and earned his Life Master in duplicate bridge. He was an active member and former president of the Lynchburg duplicate bridge club. He belonged to the Rotary Club; the Lynchburg Academy of Medicine, in which he was proud of his involvement in its desegregation; a member of the American Urologic Association; and a board member of Agudath Sholom Synagogue, of which his grandfather, Moses Rosenthal, was a founder. Macey was a car buff from whom many sought advice, and he enjoyed staying
on top of computers, telecommunications, and other technologies in his retirement. His sense of humor cracked people up in the best and the worst of times.
In addition to his wife, he is survived by two sons: Dr. Macey H. Rosenthal, Jr. of Berkeley, CA; Stephen D. Rosenthal and his wife Cindy of Richmond; two daughters: Nancy B. Rosenthal and her husband James B. Nevin of New York, NY; Sally N. Rosenthal of Palo Alto, CA; one granddaughter: Courtney B. Rosenthal of Richmond; and a sister: Ceevah R. Blatman of Hanover, NH; and a host of devoted friends he considered family.

[N262] born Lynchburg General Hospital

[N263] Former Attorney General of Virginia

[N264] Lived 11 years in Israel and 3 years in Leeds

[N265] Lived in Jamaica WI

[N266] Offically changed name to Morton on mothers divorce. Court Record dated 41/6/1946
Died at home of daughter Rebecca.

[N267] He was raised on a farm in Moore, Oklahoma until he left at the age of 15 when he joined the U.S. Army using a letter from his mother which said he was 17. Eventually he was assigned to a small East coast Radar facility and met mom who was attending College in New Jersey. They married and lived in Teaneck, New Jersey until he was released from the Army in late 1957 or early 1958.
Moved the family to Norman, Oklahoma where we lived until around 1963 or 1964 when they divorced. During the time we were there, he ran a small television and radio repair shop and attended the University in Norman. Upon graduation he was hired by the U.S. Government and worked projects away from Oklahoma as an Electronics Engineer. After the divorce, he moved to Arizona, and later to Illinois.
(written by son Martin)

[N268] Brother of Jacob Klotz - husband of Annie Rosenthal

[N269] Started the 'well baby' clinic at Dartmouth College and author of medical textbooks.
His name is memorialised at Denver Jewish Hospital, Beth Israel Hospital in NYC and Dartmouth College Medical School. Beth Israel has an annual Chair in his memory. He is also remembered in Haiti where he worked for the US Govt curing malaria patients and doing research.

[N270] Specialist in high risk pregnancies.

[N271] Brother of Morris Klotz, husband of Dora Rosenthal

[N272] Buried Mount Judah Cemetery, Queens, NY - Block Q, Graves 319 and 320
Social Security No 099-12-2704

[N273] Buried Mount Judah Cemetery, Queens, NY - Block Q, Graves 319 and 320

[N274] was Rabbi and Cantor at Chisuk Emuna in Harrisburg, VA. He was 34 years old when he began there and was Rabbi for 7 years till his death from appendicitis.

[N275] a lifelong friend of Rochl Klavansky

[N276] Professor at Kazan Technical University (formerly Kazan Aircraft Institute)

[N277] Died in car crash.
Buried alongside Moishe and Anna Trusfus and Alexander Trusfus

[N278] Works at Kazan State University

[N279] Died aged 21 in a motor accident in Israel when coming off duty.

[N280] Born Watford General Hospital weighed 7lbs 3oz

[N281] Michelle Aires (married to Bradley Trope) is the grand-daughter of Issy Aires (married to Sylvia Shapiro) cousin Isaac.

[N282] see also detailed notes under Martin Leddy - step brother.
Graduated American High School in Mexico on 1972 and moved back to the US. I went to Eugene, Oregon to attend the University of Oregon. I became interested in Law Enforcement and was hired as a Police Officer in Cottage Grove, Oregon in 1978. In 1980, I moved to Hillsboro, Oregon as a Bi-lingual/Bi-Cultural Police Officer. I worked there until 1989, as an Officer, Detective and Sergeant. I married Susan Emily VandeBergh (born 12-16-55 in Hillsboro) on September 7, 1985. She is an Emergency Room Nurse (Yes, that is where I met her...I hate stereotypes!) I was hired by the Tukwila (Seattle suburb), Washington Police Department on March 27, 1989. Our daughter Megan, was born in Hillsboro (same hospital as her mother) on May 4, 1989. I was commuting between
Hillsboro and Seattle for six month until we found a home in Puyallup, Washington (Oct. 1989) I was promoted to Major Crimes as a Detective in August 1989. I made Sergeant in January of 1994 and Detective Sergeant in April of 1995. In July of 1996, a new city (Federal Way, Washington - pop. 75,000) offered me a position as Lieutenant in the not yet formed Police Department and asked me to develop the Department's Narcotics and Vice enforcement. I accepted the position.
Lee and I had discussed the desire to work together in the past, but decided it would be too difficult for him to be himself and make his own way in an agency where I had a history. He wanted to make his own reputation, not be "Paul's brother." Due to the unique situation where we were literally building a new police department, with 130 employees, from nothing, we felt Lee could be himself, make his own way, and (due to the size) not be restricted in assignments (I am prohibited from being his direct supervisor by policy). He was hired and made Detective in four months. It's great working with him.
I was successful in the creation of the Narcotics/Vice enforcement. In April of 1998, I requested and received a transfer to a newly created Administrative Lieutenant's position, where I currently am assigned.
Susan and I both have reached the 20 year points in our careers. Megan is 9 years old and we intend to continue working for many years. It is my hope to become a Chief of Police in Oregon in the next five to sevenyears.

[N283] see also Notes under Martin Leddy (step brother)

[N284] After divorce from Martin Leddy in 1963, Mom, Paul, Becky and I moved to San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico where we lived several years until we moved to Queretaro,Queretaro, (city and state of the same name) Mexico. We attended school both in Mexico and occasionally in Illinois with dad until each of us reached the age of majority and began our adult lives. I left Mexico in 1975 and joined the Army as an electronics technician specialized in telecommunications, troubleshooting and maintenance. I was stationed in Germany at a communications hub called Defense Communications Systems (DCS) Station Donnersberg, until 1979, when I left active duty. I went to Cottage Grove Oregon and stayed with Paul from Dec. of 79, until Apr. of 80 when I decided to return to the Army. I worked as a Police Dispatcher at the same agency Paul was working as a Patrol Officer. The
economy was very depressed there at the time so I returned to active duty with the Army. I was promptly sent to Panama and worked there until 1982 when I was transferred back to Germany. I later was assigned to a Joint Service Special Operations Unit in Tampa, Florida at Macdill Air Force Base. I deployed from there to locations around the world from Jan.1984 until Dec. 1987. I attended the U.S. Army Special Forces (green beret) qualification course at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina until I was assigned to Taegue, Republic of Korea, where I worked as the Chief
Controller of the Taegue Technical Control Facility and assistant operations sergeant until Apr. 1989. During my stay in Korea I took leave and returned to Tampa to marry Bernadette (Beth) Garaygay Vicenso, who is from the Phillipine islands, (born in Quezon City 032455). My oldest son, Jordon Garaygay Abert (Leddy) 072487was born before Beth and I married. His last name is Beth's prior married name which she kept after her divorce. I returned to Tampa on leave several times and our youngest son was also born during the 20 months I was assigned to Korea. His name is Rhain Noel Leddy 012589. I left active duty then and went to Forest Grove, Oregon and stayed with Paul until I was hired by the Washington County Sheriff's Office as a Corrections Officer. I was hired in May of '89 and moved to Cornelius, Washington. I stayed with them two months and was hired away by the McMinnville, Oregon Police Department as a Patrol Officer in July of '89. We moved to McMinnville in October of 1989 and remained there until September 1996. In Sept. I took a job as a Patrol Officer for the newly forming Federal Way, Washington, Department of Public Safety. In March of 1997 I was transferred to the Criminal Investigations Division as a Detective for the Major Crimes Unit, (Homocide, Rape, Child Abuse, Assault, Robbery, and other crimes against persons) and that is where I work to date. Note that Paul was hired by Federal Way as a Police Lieutenant and is the person who convinced me to come to Washington. We would never have worked the same agency except that it was new and we could each establish our individual reputations without having to fill the others footsteps. Paul being a Rubenstein and I being a Leddy made it a little easier.

[N285] As a singer, known as Beth Abert

[N286] born in Holy Cross Hospital, Silver Spring

[N287] came to US with mother and sister in 1938. See under sister Betsy.

[N288] Came to the USA with his cousin Moishe Trope in 1899
Naturalised 2nd July 1906

[N289] Aged 16 when he came to the USA in 1893 via South Africa (unknown how long he spent there)

From 1910 CENSUS: Lewis A. Trope owned a home at 808 Sixth Avenue in Lawton Township, Comanche County, Oklahoma. Age at last birthday was 34, married for 4 years, born in Russia, parents born in Russia, immigrated in 1893 and was a naturalized citizen, and was a real estate agent (owned his own account). Living with him were: Mae, wife, age at last birthday was 30, married for 4 years, had one child and that child was alive, born in California, parents born in Russia, and no occupation. Nadine, daughter, age 3, and born in Oklahoma. [National Archives, Lawton Township, Comanche County, Oklahoma, film #1248, e.d. 51, sheet 4B, line 76, dated April 25, 1910]

From 1920 CENSUS: Louis A. Trope owned a home at 810 E. Fourth Street in Lawton Township, Comanche County, Oklahoma. Age at last birthday was 43, married, born in Russia, parents born in Russia, and a Government contractor. Living with him were: Mae, wife, age at last birthday was 40, married, born in California, and no occupation. Nadine, daughter, age at last birthday was 12, born in Oklahoma, and in school. Martyl, daughter, age at last birthday was 8, born in Oklahoma, and in school. Henry Goodman, father-in-law, age at last birthday was 82, widower, born in Russia, parents born in Russia, and no occupation. [, Lawton Township, Comanche County, Oklahoma, film #1458, e.d. 124, sheet 5A, line 47, dated January 5, 1920]

[N290] Two brothers in USA with cousins related to Sarah Mann (info from Lester Bushman)
Brought to South Africa at 80 - died at 83

[N291] Died of cancer of the oesophagus.

[N292] Mother went to Riga for birth of Sylvia although they lived in Pasvitin, Lithuania.
Sylvia lived in Pasvitin, Lithuania till she was 10 years of age when she came to South Africa.

Notes from her daugher Lucille:
My Granny's (Liba) father-in -law was a rabbi. They weren't from Pasvitin but from somewhere near Memel.

My Mom's father died when she was 4 and a half, Julian was 7 months, he had cancer of the oesophagus. The Trusfus family (ie Bob Trope's Granny & Grandfather) were red-headed and lived diagonally opposite my Mom, but a bit further down the road. There were high steps to their house. Bob's grandfather was a felsher, an orderly in a hospital , who had learnt how to set fractures during the war. When my Mom's father was ill and dying, one of the daughters from the Trusfus house fetched her and kept her at their house, don't know for how long, to keep her away from her father's illness. At the cemetery, a Trusfus daughter held her during the funeral and told her to look at her father (wrapped in a tallis?) but she was afraid to look and cried over the daughter's shoulder.

The Trusfus parents had 7 or 8 kids, and all except Harry (Bob's father) were educated on a shoestring in Kaunas (Kovna) in Lithuania - they became pharmacists, lawyers, engineers. Harry didn't study, came to SA.

[N293] Michelle Aires (married to Bradley Trope) is the grand-daughter of Issy's cousin Isaac.

[N294] Lived in London 1969-71. Lived in Haifa till 1973 then went back to South Africa.

[N295] Left Pasvitin in 1932 aged six.

[N296] Surname changed to Chatz in 1981.

[N297] Died in childhood

[N298] see web site - Adelman family

[N299] see web site - Adelman family

[N300] see web site - Adelman family

[N301] see web site - Adelman family

[N302] see web site - Adelman family

[N303] Died prematurely of cancer.

[N304] Died in car accident the day before her 15th birthday

[N305] Died in childbirth with her son Benni

[N306] Said (by Betsy Jaffe) to have gone to the USA after living in South Africa first. Lived in Lawton, OK. Said to have come to USA from South Africa to avoid the Boer War.
Arrived USA Nov 1899 aged 19 together with Simon (Louis Simon) his cousin.

[N307] Came to US on steamship Haverford in 1906 and stayed with Joe Mann, her mother's brother, in Norristown, PA.
Vaskai is 111.4 miles NNW of Vilnius - and is east of Pasvitin.

[N308] Kliykoliai is 151.4 miles NW of Vilnius and is near the Lavian border.

[N309] Arived in South Africa August 1907

Picture 3:
Those in the photo are:

Top Row. Left to right: Melvil Harris (my friend) Solly Jankelowitz (married
to Ray Jankelowitz, my mother's sister), David Jankelowitz (Solly's son),
Eli Trope (son of Morris Trope, my father's brother), Srol Lurie (married to
Chaya, my father's sister),

2nd Row: Max Gordin (married to Mary, my father's sister), Mary Jacobson,
(married to Benni Jacobson, my mother's brother), Hertzl Katz (married to
Tzipa, my father's sister), Pearl Katz (my mother's half-sister, married to
Mairim Katz), Mairim Katz (married to Pearl Katz), Lily Jacobson (my
mother's sister), Ray Jankelowitz (my mother's sister), Benni Jacobson (my
mother's brother), Lionel Trope (David Trope's son), Tzipa Lurie (my
father's sister), Rachel Trope (Morris Trope's wife), Chaya Lurie (my
father's sister), Lily Suntup (Morris Trope's daughter), David Trope (my
father's brother), Lionel Suntup.

3rd Row: Mary Gordin (my father's sister), Leah Jacobson (my father's
sister), Mary Trope (my mother), Elwin Trope (I look good), Louis Trope (my
father), Morris Trope (my father's brother), Helen Trope (David Trope's

4th Row: Joyce Trope (married to Eli Trope), Barry Jankelowitz (Solly
Jankelowitz's son), Naureen Trope (later married to Ivan Nathan), Edwin
Jankelowitz (Solly Jankelowitz's son)

[N310] Lived and studied at some time in Israel.

[N311] Lived previously in Johannesburg

[N312] Lived previously in Johannesburg

[N313] Buried adjacent to his brother Lester

[N314] Lawyer - staff counsel for DC Council Member Sharon Ambrose.

[N315] Trained in Economicas and Statistics. Worked for over 18 years for a US House of Representatives Subcommittee of the House Banking Committee dealing with domestic monetary policy.

[N316] Was Partner in ad agency - speciality was in art and production. Buried adjacent to his brother Sam.

[N317] Works in Chemical Section of Army. Spent 20 years at Allied Signal.

[N318] Masters Aeronautical Engineering - University of Illinois. Speciality in rocket propulsion.

[N319] Law School - University of Miami. Graduate of Michigan State.

[N320] University of Maryland

[N321] Retired Exec Director of Jewish Chamber of Deputies of South Africa. Lectured in the USA on 3 trips.

[N322] Graduate of Israel Art School

[N323] Graduate work in City Planning at Oxford. Now works for New South Wales Government in Australia in City Planning. Has Doctorate.

[N324] Buried in row 15#7L (see also Isaac Tabakin) next to Blanche Tabakin Klavan

Notes from Ed Berkowitz:
After much effort, I finally obtained her death certificate (#55148) from the State of NY.
Her place of death was listed as the County of Rockland, town of Ramapo, and village of Suffern. Her usual residence 474 Hawthorne Ave, Newark, NJ, the same address as the informant, her son Morris Tabakin. I did observe some definite errors and a possible error. Her father was listed as Harry Jacob Gordon but we know that her father was Yakov Margolis. Morris was probably thinking "Morgan", the name taken by her four brothers. Perhaps her father's middle name was Hessel which was the original name of her son Harry according to the ship passenger list. Also, her husband was listed as Israel rather than Isaac. Since I doubt that Morris would make a mistake on his father's first name, perhaps Isaac was born Yisrael rather than Itzek. Sarah's mother was listed as unknown. Another definite mistake is that her place of burial was listed as Newark Hebrew Cemetery (Grove St) but I visited her grave located a few blocks away at Talmud Torah Cemetery.

Everyone told me she loved to be in the kitchen, making food and baked goods for all family members who visited her at her big corner house on Peshine St. in Newark, NJ.

According to Evelyn, daughter of Meyer Tabakin, Sarah Tabakin was a sister to the mother of her mother Flora Forman. Her mother Flora (Katz?) was the sister Celia Katz, wife of George Lowenstein. This is a real dilemna as the wedding announcement of George and Celia clearly states that "our son George I. Lowenstein is marrying our neice Celia Katz." Adding to the confusion is the statement from Melvin Lowenstein that his mother's brother Newton Forman lived with the family in the 1920s.

[N325] Electrician at age 19

Notes from Ed Berkowitz:
Found his WWI draft registration on LDS film # 1753727. His date of birth was listed as Dec 30, 1893 which matched the date on his declaration of intent but did not match the May 5, 1894 date he supplied on his Petition for Naturalization and the May 20, 1994 date he supplied on his Social Security application. On this 11th Precinct 11, 3rd District Draft Board June 5, 1918, he indicated that he was a Edison Lamp work plater for Edison, 17th Ave and Boyd St, Newark, NJ. and his nearest relatives were his parents (no names listed), 121 Waverly Ave, Newark, NJ. His home address was the same. He stated that he was an Alien, declared, born Grusd, Gubernia, Russia.

[N326] Notes from Ed Berkowitz:
Harry never had any children.
Found his WWI draft registration on LDS film # 1753727. His date of birth was listed here as December 24, 1895 as opposed to Dec 15, 1895 listed on the Social Security Death Index. On this Local Board 11th District, 3rd Ward signed June 5, 1918, he indicated that he was aTile Cutter for Buchanan and Burns, 35 Washington St, Newark. He listed his relatives as "parents" and his nearest relative as his mother Hannah Tabakin, his place of birth as Grist, Kovna, Lithuania, and his address as 121 Waverly Ave, Newark, NJ.

Notes from Ed Berkowitz:
On June 18, 2000, Dave's daughter Cecile told me that Isaac, Dave, Meyer, Morris, and possibly Harry manufactured drop cloths and laundry bags in Newark. Their business was very successful and they were very wealthy until overextending credit to their customers caused them to go under during the Drepression.

He filed his Declaration of Intent at Essex County, NJ on January 11, 1917, No. 15498 and became a citizen in NJ on Feb 8, 1921.

Found his WWI draft registration on LDS film # 1753727. His date of birth matched date reported on naturalization papers. On this Local Board Divsion 3 signed September 12, 1918, he indicated that he was a paperbox and tube maker for D. Schiffenhaus, located at 73 Nichols, and his nearest relative as his mother Hannah Tabakin, 121 Waverly Ave, Newark, NJ. His home address was the same. At the time, he indicated he was an Alien, non declared.

[N328] Notes from Ed Berkowitz:
Found his WWI draft registration on LDS film # 1753727. His date of birth was listed as August 2, 1900 and did not match the February 10, 1899 date in the social security death index. On this Local Board Divsion 3 signed September 12, 1918, he indicated that he was a shipping clerk for JB Lowenstein, 22 Treat Place, and his nearest relative as his father Louis Tabakin, 121 Waverly Ave, Newark, NJ. His home address was the same. He stated that he was an Alien, non declared.

[N329] Professor of Physics and Department Chair at University of Pittsburgh.

[N330] He was born at 3:29AM Shabbos morning and clocked in at 3.1Kg's

[N331] To Uruguay in 1930
To Israel in 1979
Used the Lithuanian form of Blacher i.e. Blecheris on formal documents whilst in Uruguay altho used the name Blacher when signing his name.
Said by his family to have left home at age 14.
Probably born 1910 but documents showed 1906 to make him appear older to the authorities. Some doubt as to the actual year of birth (altho date known).

[N332] To Israel in 1979

[N333] In Spanish known as Jaime Bernardo Blacher. To Israel in 1973. Name changed to Botzer after marriage and first name Bery had always been nickname.

[N334] To Israel 1977

[N335] To Israel 1974

[N336] Came to Uruguay before her brother Zuske - came in 1927

[N337] Probably entered USA 13 July 1917 with his sister Emma. See Ellis Island Passenger record. Age 17 at the time. On manifest as Josias.

[N338] Born 3:46pm weight 7lbs 8oz, 20 ins

[N339] Possibly entered USA 24th November 1910 with her sister Dvoira (Itte and Dweire Blacher). See Ellis Island records. Aged 18 at the time.

[N340] Possibly entered USA 24th November 1910 with her sister Dvoira. See Ellis Island records. Aged 19 at the time.

[N341] Came to Israel in 1998

[N342] Died as a soldier in WWII

[N343] Lived in North Lauderdale, Florida until 1993 when she was brought by her daughter Cecile to Suffern, NY and then she went into a nursing home in Nanuet, NY 10954 where she died.

[N344] said possibly to have lived in South Africa (cf Cecile Goodman)

[N345] Was previously married and her married name was Schuckman - her birth surname is not known.

[N346] Delivered by C-section at 28 weeks 4 days - weight 2lbs 6.4 oz.

[N347] Entered USA 13 July 1917. See Ellis Island Passenger record. Aged 18 at the time.

[N348] Born Watford General Hospital. Weight 7lbs 9oz.
Bar Mitzvah 30th May 2014 at Bushey Synagogue

[N349] died in car accident with sister Cheryl

[N350] died in car accident with sister Rayna

[N351] Killed in car accident

[N352] died in infancy

[N353] see letter on file of 12 Jan 2002 for details

[N354] Also known as David Strick - see letter on file of 12 Jan 2002 for details

[N355] Died at his own home in gun accident.

[N356] Born 3:59pm weight 6lbs 15oz 20.5 inches!

[N357] Born 10:50 am weighed 2.73kgs and was 48cms tall!

[N358] Born 12:40 am at Holy Cross Hospital in Silver Spring

[N359] born 15:30 - 18.5 inches long!

[N360] 7.13 pounds at birth.

[N361] Named after Chaim Ber

[N362] Born Frimley Park Hospital, Surrey.

[N363] Born at Little Company of Mary Hospital just before midnight. Weigt at birth 7 pounds 6 ounces. 20 inches long.

[N364] Married at Norrice Lea Synagogue, Hampstead Garden Suburb by Rabbi Jackson and Rev. Freilich

[N365] Married by Israel Klavan

[N366] Cantor at wedding was Richard Tucker - a year before he joined the Metropolitan Opera. Rabbi Levinthal was son of Rabbi who married Lester's parents.

[N367] From Jermey Bandler
Our daughter's name is Elisheva Keren. Elisheva was chosen in memory of Clare's aunt, Elizabeth. Auntie Liz, as she was universally known, was a significant figure in the Goldwater family, playing a pivotal role in the extended family in general, and helping to raise her brother (Clare's father) after their mother passed away when they were just children. Even though Auntie Liz battled cancer for many years and eventually passed away too young, it is her passion for life that we want to remember. She was an enormously optimistic person, with an indomitable determination to enjoy every opportunity and to make the most of every day. She had an amazing generosity of spirit, a great sense of humor and she was a great cook! Her house was always open, and everyone always welcome. We wish our daughter the same optimism and zest for life that was Auntie Liz's and feel her spirit celebrating with us as we welcome Elisheva to our family.

The name Keren connects our baby to her birth date -- Rosh Hashanah. "Keren" has numerous meanings. One is a "horn" and we are reminded of the shofar that is so integral to this time of year. The shofar embodies many symbolic ideas, including the idea that the horn or trumpet is sounded to herald the arrival of the Messiah. In addition, the phrase 'keren or" means "ray of light" and refers to the powerful spiritual state in which Moses returned to the Jewish people after receiving the Torah on Mount Sinai. We hope that Elisheva Keren will bring a ray of light into our lives, into the lives of all her family and to everyone she touches during her life.

With these names we hope to connect our daughter to her family history and to some powerful Jewish images and symbols. We look forward to seeing her grow into these names over time, and enjoying how she makes them her own.

[N368] She was arrested by the Nazis in 1943 together with her parents, sister and brother-in-law and transferred the Hollandse Schouwburg where all Amsterdam Jews were collected by the Nazis before they were deported. She was the only member of her family who managed to escape. After the war, Marc’s grandfather went into partnership with an old friend who ran a textile business and his grandmother Anny often joined them, even running successful business trips to Prague.

[N369] He fled from Russia together with his father in 1928 and ended up in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. During the war, he was part of the Dutch Resistance where he met Marc’s grandmother. After the war, Marc’s grandfather went into partnership with an old friend who ran a textile business and his grandmother Anny often joined them, even running successful business trips to Prague.
Buried Muiderburg, Holland

[N370] Met his wife Ruth by chance on a German train. They fled to The Netherlands when Hitler came to power and Marc’s oldest uncle Freddie was put into hiding with a Dutch family in the East near Almelo. After the war, his wife Ruth immersed herself in the small German Jewish community in Amsterdam and Kurt became a respected banker.

[N371] Born at abt 19:30. 7lb 11oz (3.487kgs)

[N372] Was former leader of the instruction centre of the Lithuanian veterinary academy, and was first Chairman of the Jewish Community of Kaunas

[N373] Twin

[N374] Twin

[N375] Strangled

[N376] Owned a house at Linkovskaya St.

[N377] Lithuania Foreign Passport # 2688/56 issued in 24 Feb 1931. Had visa for Latvia.

[N378] Listed in 1858 Revision List for Seta with his relative Lan Abel-Kahaim ben Kivel with wife Golda-Rokhlia and daighters - Roza, Sora-Rishka and Geska.

[N379] Listed in 1858 Revision list for Seta with his second wife Vikhna, his children Khatskel and Freida
Death record shows he dies aged 60.

[N381] Death record says he died age 48

[N382] Death record says he died age 6

[N383] Death record says she died age 85

[N385] Wedding performed by Abram ben Berel Levitan. witness Zundel Lev.

[N386] Wedding performed by Melamdovich. Witnesses Israel Sobolman and Shmuel Shtark.

[N387] Wedding performed by Melamdovich. Witnesses Shmuel Shtark and Leib Paston.

[N388] Wedding performed by Melamdovich. Witnesses Sruel Sobolman and Abel Sher.

[N389] Wedding performed by Melamdovich. Witnesses Movsha Girsh Levin and Abel Sher.

[N390] Wedding performed by Abram ben Berel Levitan. Witnesses Josef Mordkhel Kantor and Leib Paston.

[N391] Death record says he dies of old age. Buried in Pasvitinys, married.
Note jewishgen record shows him as GRUSFUSH

[N392] Death record says she died of old age.

[N393] To Chicago in 1922

[N394] Said (by Ekhiel Zilberman) possibly to have been born with another surname - perhaps Rappaport - and taken into the Zilberman family who were childless.

[N395] Social Security No 056-52-6596
Gravestone text: Here lies our dear mother who was a tribute to her husband and a crown of glory to her children displayed every good attribute practised charity and righteousness throughout her days
HANNA daughter of Yaakov Meir the Levite of blessed memory
departed this world with a good reputation 11 Kislev 5735
May her soul be bound up in the bond of life.

[N396] Social Security No 067-24-7203

[N397] Social Security No 129-24-8146

[N398] lived in Baku, Russia and was either Manager or Inspector at some estates that belonged to the Rothschild family.

[N399] Gravestone text:
Here lies an upright man from a respected family from the remnant of the old generation who sat at the feet of (= greatly respected) the tsadikim (= rebbes) of the dynasty of Ruzhyn.
Yekutiel Tzvi son of Jonah the Cohen of blessed memory
departed this world with a good reputation 20 Shevat 5722.
May his soul be bound up in the bond of life.

[N400] Bridegroom an unmarried, born in Vaskai, Birzai district-was a tradesman; Bride an unmarried, born in Rokiskis

[N401] Died of cancer

[N402] Internal Passport #1520304 issued in Anyksciai in 1933.
See account of Basha Tabakin Trusfus being hidden during Holocaust. Testimony of Ruth Yoffe that Erla and Riva died trying to escape.

[N403] Joselis was widower and Pese was widow and born in Girkalnis

[N404] Born at abt 20:30 - Lindo Wing. Weighed abt 7lb.
Born just after the end of Yom Kippur (in terms of the Hebrew calendar which changes date at sunset) i.e.11 Tishre 5770

[N405] Girsh has the same meaning as Zvi - both mean 'deer'.

Craftsmen list 1852 says he is a Butcher living in Girkalnis. Note other, later, records are from Veliuona despite still living in Girkalnis.

In 1852 Craftsmen List, cross reference to relationship with Itsik Blekher.

[N406] Family List 1887 says registered in Girkalnis, Mankunai volostj.

[N407] Revision List 1834 family entered as BLEKHER

In 1852 Craftsmen List entered with surname BLEKHER as Tinsmith.

Listed in Family List 1887 as registered in Simikiciai volostj. In this list surname is entered as BLEKHER/FRIDMAN.

Death List entered as BLEKHER/FRID

[N408] In 1852 Craftsmen List entered with surname BLEKHER as Tailor.

[N409] In 1834 Revision List enetered as BLEKHER/GUREVSKY

In 1846 Candle Taxpayers List entered as BLEKHER

In 1852 Craftsmen List listed under surname BLEKHER. Also includes a note that there are 4 females in family, has a wooden house. Also relationship reference to Girsh BLEKHER

[N410] Velvel is the same as Vulf.

In 1846 Candle Taxpayers List shown as 2nd Category and listed under surname BLEKHER

[N411] In 1834 Revision List family is entered as BLEKHER/LEVIN

[N412] In 1834 Reviision List name entered as BLEKHER/LEVIN

[N413] In 1834 Reviision List name entered as BLEKHER/LEVIN

[N414] In 1834 Reviision List name entered as BLEKHER/LEVIN

[N415] Passport application Jubarkas shows her birth date as 1895

[N416] In 1834 Revision List with surname BLEKHER

[N417] In 1834 Revision List with surname BLEKHER

[N418] In 1834 Revision List with surname BLEKHER

[N419] In 1834 Revision List with surname BLEKHER

[N420] In 1834 Revision List with surname BLEKHER

[N421] In 1846 Candle Taxpayers List shown under surname BLEKHER

[N423] Surname may be Daborsky

[N424] Dr. Joseph Ritter von Halban, a prominent Vienna gynecologist , was husband of the famous opera star Selma Kurz , and father of Desiree (Desi) von Halban-Kurz, famed also as an opera singer. In 1937 Desi married one of the most prominent art dealers in Europe, Goudstikker. He died on board a ship in 1940 which was carrying him and his family to safety in England/USA. Mitzi was most probably Desi's sister.

The Halbans were originally named Blumenstock; they are descended from my grandmother's branch, Pitzele from Krakow. The Blumenstocks had converted from Judaism and an earlier Blumenstock became knighted--"Ritter von Halban" became the family name. They tended to marry others who were converted Viennese Jews.
Ben Weinstock - New York

[N425] Distinguished Professor Emeritus of International Relations, University of Southern California
The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon

Professor Peter Berton was born in 1922 in Bialystok, Poland. At age six, he and his family moved to Harbin, China. After college, he went to Japan to study the violin with the world-renowned Alexander Moguilevsky and lived there for a number of years. During that time, he became fascinated with Japanese language and culture.
In 1950, he pursued graduate studies at the East Asian Institute, Columbia University. Professor Berton started the Asia-Pacific area studies program at the USC School of International Relations in 1962, and continued as coordinator for the next thirty years. He also developed the University's first lecture course on Japan. A prolific writer, he authored works on Japanese politics and foreign policy, Japanese international negotiation style, Japanese socio-cultural and psychological characteristics, and the territorial dispute between Japan and Russia. In 1991, he served on a trilateral task force (Japan, Russia, and the United States) to promote the resolution of that dispute. In addition, he was the founding chairman of the Southern California Japan Seminar to bring together Japan specialists in the area.
Dr. Berton launched the annual lecture series on Japanese art in 1988 at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in memory of his late wife Michele, who had a deep appreciation of Japanese culture and was a docent at the Museum. The lectures have been a success for over twenty years, introducing to the public the beauty of all aspects of Japanese arts.

[N427] PASVITINYS: Siauliai.
Alternate names: Pašvitinys [Lith], Poshvityn [Yid, Rus], Pashvitin [Yid], Poszwityn [Pol], Poswitenen [Ger], Pašvitinio, Pašvintinys, Pašvintinio, Pashvitinis, . 56°09' N, 23°49' E, 24 miles NE of Šiauliai (Shavl), 13 miles N of Pakruojis (Pokroi). 1900 Jewish population: 435.

•Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), p. 976: "Pasvitinys".
•Pinkas HaKehilot, Lithuania (1996), p. 506: "Pasvitinys"
•Slownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), VIII, pp. 857-858: "Poszwityn".
Pasvitinys was a small town 12 km south of the Latvian border and 117.1 miles NNW of Vilnius. The nearest railway station was at Joniskis. 1897 Jewish population: 435 (59%). In 1902, the entire village was burned. Just before World War I, 120 Jewish families lived there, but before the Holocaust only 25 families remained as small merchants in the Wednesday weekly market and as peddlars and craftsmen the biennial fair. The public baths and flour mill were owned by Jews. During Lithuanian Independence, the few remaining Jewish petty merchants survived because of assistance from relations in South Africa while many emigrated to South Africa also. Most who remained were older and persons from surrounding villages. [March 2009]

HOLOCAUST: When the Germans entered the town, the Lithuanian nationals had organized and immediately broke into Jewish homes and terrorizied them. A German officer from Joniskis, who arrived in the town, got drunk with some locals who broke into a Jewish home and molested the grandaughter. When the elderly grandfather tried to protect her, they killed him. They beat others. Almost all Jews tried to join relatives and friends in larger towns. One hired a Lithuanian driver with a wagon to reach Siauliai. Lithuanians pursued, catching them near Siauliai. They forced the family back to Pasvitinys on foot. Soon, all Jews of the town were locked in an ancient horse stable (called The Magazine) beside the flour mill on the road to Zeimelis. Daily, did forced labor on surrounding farms. Some were brutally murdered with some Jews of Linkuva on the road to Siauliai. Finally, the remaining Jews of Pasvitinys were moved on horsedrawn wagons to Zagare where they perished with the Jews of Zagare on the day after Yom Kippur, October 2, 1941.

[N429] Age 42
Occupation: Fruit Peddler

[N430] Age 48
Occupation: Peddler of Fruit and Junk

[N431] Listed as a 62 year old lodger at the home of Sol (40) and Bertha (32) Goldberg at 668 E. Mound St.

Marital Status was widowed.

Occupation was: None

Year of Immigration was 1903 and naturalization status was AL (presumably alien)

[N432] Age 38, married
Last Residence: Riga
Going to Columbus Ohio to join his brother in law M. Trope

[N433] Father is Lee Holaday

[N434] Father is Lee Holaday

[N435] Funeral arrangments handled by Rachel Wallach, a niece. Father was Peter Myers, mother Gwendolyn. also a salesperson at Kahn Jewellers (see Myron Trope)
Funeral arrangments handled by Rachel Wallach, a niece. Father was Peter Myers, mother Gwendolyn. also a salesperson at Kahn Jewellers (see Myron Trope)

[N436] Died at age 26 per Bart Freidenberg

[N437] Name was originally Goldstein They changed the family name to Stone.

Aaron Canowitz says they owned a pharmacy in a no-Jeish part of town and that may be why they changed it.

[N439] Hii Alex,
Everything you sent in the previous e-mail is correct, as it pertains to my parents, and yes, my other grandfather was Sam Buff who employed my Dad in his tailor made mens clothing business as the depression hit. I remember Lois Canowitz, as we are the same age and visited one another occasionally when I lived in Charleston and she is Columbus. All thse past facts are so very interesting. Thanks for it all.
Lois Trope Auerbach
Hii Alex,
Everything you sent in the previous e-mail is correct, as it pertains to my parents, and yes, my other grandfather was Sam Buff who employed my Dad in his tailor made mens clothing business as the depression hit. I remember Lois Canowitz, as we are the same age and visited one another occasionally when I lived in Charleston and she is Columbus. All thse past facts are so very interesting. Thanks for it all.
Lois Trope Auerbach

[N440] World War II veteran. Salesman at Kahn's Jewellers.
World War II veteran. Salesman at Kahn's Jewellers.

[N441] Took his own picture booth around to small towns in Virginia and West Virginia. 4 for a dime pictures. Went to port town like Newport News and Virginia Beach to work the sailors when they had shore leave.

[N442] Ran the store in the mornigs, then went to CAT at 3PM and worked until 11PM. Did this for a year.

[N443] Per Sam Trope LIfe Story Video Transcript.

[N444] Per Sam Trope Life Story Transcript: We lived in Columbus until I was the age of 6 when our family all moved to Detroit. My oldest brother Morris set us up in a grocery store in Highland Park.

[N445] Came to USA in 1902 with 6 sisters, 1 brother and his mother. His father had come two years before.
Came to USA in 1902 with 6 sisters, 1 brother and his mother. His father had come two years before.

[N446] Came to USA in 1900 or 1901.

[N447] Age:33
Last Residence: Riga
Final Destination: Columbus, OH to be with her husband, Aron Bitker

[N448] Death Certificate 59899

[N450] Was Minna Goldstein until they changed the family name to Stone.

[N451] Came to USA after her son, Louis, first wife died. She came with Esther Matunsky, a friend of his sister Gitta, from Pasvityn whom Louis then married.
Came to USA after her son, Louis, first wife died. She came with Esther Matunsky, a friend of his sister Gitta, from Pasvityn whom Louis then married.
Came to USA after her son, Louis, first wife died. She came with Esther Matunsky, a friend of his sister Gitta, from Pasvityn whom Louis then married.

[N452] Came to USA in Jan 1903 with her 8 children
Came to USA in Jan 1903 with her 8 children

[N453] I was given Lenore's name and phone number by Roberta Grayson in a coversation in Nov 2010.

[N456] From Dubi Levitte: Aharon told me that he was born in Morocco as his father was sent there by a Yeshiva from Jerusalem to raise funds. Later his father was transferred to London, England and there he went to school before returning to Jerusalem. He was a very interesting person and very humble. He spent all his spare money on books concerning Jewish history and philosophy. He left his library to George Trope who later sold it to book dealers and collectors.

[N457] Jewishgen marriage record refers to Shimel Osher and Ema Leia Vinnik and indicates that Shimel is a widower at the time of marriage.

[N458] Marriage notes - Husband merchant born in Girkalnis, wife seller, born in Vilnius

[N459] The following text includes some data which is known to be incorrect but is presented as written. See also separate .doc file transcript of video memoir.

Transcribed, with minor editing, by Michael E. Bloom, August 2011, from document provided by Julie Van Fleet (Amherst, NY), daughter of Miriam and David Paine.
This is being written in the month of April, year 2000. My name is Sam Trope. I was born July 18, 1908, in Columbus, Ohio, USA. I will be 92 years old on my next birthday. I have lived a full life and have seen many things. First, I want to tell about my family history as I know it.
Our original family name was Trusfus. Our family came from a small town call Pasvitin, which is close to Riga, Latvia. The first member of our family to come to America was my uncle Mendel Trusfus, in the 1880s or 1890s. He settled in Columbus, Ohio. He was a peddler of ice and coal. The story was that he had trouble with his surname. People could not pronounce it or spell it. He was advised to go to a Federal Judge to have his name changed. The judge changed the name to "Trope," and after that any of our family coming to America with the name of Trusfus became a Trope.
Uncle Mendel later opened a saloon and grocery store. In the book "Jews and Judaism in a Midwestern Community - Columbus, Ohio, 1840-1975," there is a picture of M. Trope Saloon on High Street in 1897. Uncle Mendel and his oldest daughter, Edith, are standing in front of the saloon.
Mendel later had to relocate the business because he was selling liquor and it was too close to the college campus (The Ohio State University). He moved the business to Parsons Avenue at Mound Street, where he sold only groceries and meats. This store I remember well. When I was five years old, my father would take my sister Reva and me on Saturday to visit Uncle Mendel. We thought he was the nicest man in the world because he gave us ice cream cones and candy. Those were fond memories.
My father, Lazer Chaim Trusfus, came to Columbus in 1901 with his family. He was married to Toba Rachel, who died in 1902 or 1903. Toba, my father, and Uncle Mendel are buried in the old Jewish Cemetery on Refuge Road in East Columbus; my mother is buried in the newer cemetery. Lazer and Toba had eight children -- Morris, Edith, Jenny, Molly, Beatrice, Clara, Al, and Minnie. Minnie was born in Columbus; the others were born in Latvia.
At the time that my father's first wife died, he had a sister, Gertrude Trusfus, living in Columbus; she was married to Abe Betker. They had three daughters and one son. We called her Tanta Gita. She was a lovely, sweet, and kind person, and we always loved her. My mother was Esther Matunsky. She and Tanta Gita were close friends and had grown up together in Latvia, but my mother had not yet emigrated to the US. Upon Toba's death, Tanta Gita insisted that they bring my mother (Esther) to Columbus.
My father and mother were married September 18, 1905.
My sister Reva Trope Canowitz was born August 1, 1906.
I, Sam Trope, was born July 18, 1908.
My brother Irvin Trope was born November 5, 1914.
My oldest brother, Morris, had the wanderlust. He would leave Columbus to travel and come home for a while, then leave again. He was mechanically-inclined and seemed that he could do any task.
Edith married Dave Cohen and moved to St. Albans, West Virginia.
Jennie married Charles Solomon and moved to Huntington, West Virginia.
The rest of us lived in a duplex on Sycamore near Beech Street in Columbus, Ohio. The area is now called German Village. The home in which I was born is all-brick and still stands today.
I have fond memories of those days. Those were times when photographers would come through the neighborhood with beautiful ponies to take pictures of children sitting on ponies. Somewhere there are pictures of my sister Reva (5 years old) sitting on a pony, held by sister Minnie and me (I was 3 years old, with blonde, kinky hair). The pony was being restrained by sister Clara.
Then there were my first days in Kindergarten. Our teacher was a German woman. We sang German lieden (songs) such as "Under the Linden Tree." Her name was Miss Fackenbach; that's a hard name to forget!
My father was a busy man. He pursued the same trade his family had plied in Pasvitin. They dealt in horses - selling and trading horses. My father told me that when he was a boy, he would join his father and his uncles in going to the market in town on Monday and Thursday with their horses to trade or sell. My father said he was called "the runner;" he would run a horse back and forth in front of a prospective buyer to demonstrate that the horse was not easily winded (no one wanted to buy a winded horse).
Lazer Chaim Trusfus (Louis Trope) B 1859, Pasvitin, Latvia; D 1928, Columbus, Ohio; buried in Columbus, Ohio
Louis Trope married Esther Matunsky, September 18, 1905
Esther Matunsky Trope, B 1879, D 1961; buried in Columbus, Ohio
Ralph Lurie, B 1882, D 1974; buried in Cincinnati, Ohio
Rose Macknovitz Lurie, B 1886, D 1942; buried in Cincinnati, Ohio
Reva Trope Canowitz, B 1906, D 1987; buried in Columbus, Ohio
Ida Lurie Trope, B May 25, 1910, D August 18, 1988 Peoria, Illinois, USA
Carol Trope Plotkin, B February 8, 1939, D November 27, 1998 Peoria, Illinois, USA

[N460] Edited by Michael E. Bloom, August 2011, from document on the website of Columbus Jewish Historical Society.

Oral history interviews are the recollections of people as recorded on audio tape and then transcribed by other people. As such, oral histories are subject to errors in fact and interpretation. The CJHS makes no representation about fact or interpretation in these transcribed interviews.
This interview with Dr. Aaron Canowitz took place at his home in Columbus, Ohio, USA, in the summer of 1997, and is a part of the Columbus Jewish Historical Society Oral History Project.
Dr. Canowitz, who touched many lives as a family practice physician in his 65 - year practice, speaks to Marvin Bonowitz about growing up and practicing medicine in Columbus. Bonowitz is a cousin of the doctor. The family trees of the Canowitz family, the David Bonowitz and Samuel Bonowitz families which he mentions, can be found in the archives of the Columbus Jewish Historical Society. Dr. Canowitz begins by identifying some of his own sisters and brothers and their family members at a family picnic.
Dr. Canowitz: We started a family club and we would meet at the home of each one of us each month. There was a president, secretary and treasurer, and we used to have a thanksgiving dinner and a family outing, and we'd have a little poker game and we'd go to the penny ante game and it wasn't enough, but everyone would chip in. This was one of the old pictures, and in this one, it just happens that some of our relatives - our cousins from Cleveland - were visiting. I'll tell you about them. She made a copy of that (picnic photograph) and listed the names so you know all this. Now, this one here, is one of the more recent ones, while (my brother) Joe was still living. After my mother passed away we still tried to have the picnic once a year, and it just happened that we took a picture of this group. We have an extra picture if you want to keep it.
It shows Harry and Sarah and Reva - Rudy was already gone - and there was Judy and Bill (Brown) and Margaret and Lou (Grossman,) and Naomi (my wife) and I and Celia (Katz) and (my brother) Joe (Canowitz).
Some of the things I remember - (Dr. Canowitz begins to speak about the family of his cousins, David and Sarah Bonowitz,) from the beginning, the things that I remember. Their oldest daughter (Minnie Bonowitz) married a man named Gruber, a Canadian from Toronto, and they moved down here and he had difficulty really making a living. He was an umbrella maker among umbrella makers, and after he passed away, they lived on Oakwood Avenue, near Livingston Avenue, just close to my office. She (Minnie) was a very ill woman, had a lot of trouble with her legs, and her children - her daughters and son - anyway, her oldest daughter, Amelia Gruber never married. Another daughter (Helen Gruber) married a relative of theirs, by marriage, Martin Winter. Martin was a brother of Harry Winter, who had married Helen's aunt, Anna Winter.
Harry and Anna had two children - the oldest child died rather young - an interesting story. I delivered the child. I think his name was Martin. I didn't think it was such a difficult delivery, but the father, Martin Winter, was so upset by the delivery, that he said he would have no more children.
Lydia and Madelyn - Madelyn died rather young. Lydia moved to Akron. They were all patients of mine. Zelda Bonowitz never married. She worked for the John Deere Plow Company for years and years and years. She lived in the Governor's Terrace Apartments on Broad Street and Governor Place. And then the twins - Esther Bonowitz married an attorney, Frank Bayer, and they moved down to Florida. Goldie became interested in theatrical work. She was quite talented. Most of her work was in elocution, in teaching actors how to act, and she made quite a name for herself. She wasn't some movie star, and she married a fellow by the name of Joe Solomon, from Columbus.
Ol' Man David Bonowitz, was also an original member of Agudas Achim but for some reason there was a misunderstanding between the powers that be there, and he started a new shul there, just two doors north of Agudas Achim which we called the ogarisineh shul, but its real name was Ahavas Sholom, and he was a big macher there.
Interviewer: Ogarisineh means?
Dr. Canowitz: Breaking away. That (breaking away) was quite common, and this business of Jewish people very frequently separating themselves from their original shuls, reminds me of a story of a Jewish man that was shipwrecked on an island. It was habitable and he got along pretty well, and after several years a ship came to that place, and he was so proud to show them his accomplishments, and he showed them that he had built two shuls, and they asked him, "Why did you build two shuls?" and he said, "One shul I don't have to go to." (hearty laughter)
So those were the things I remember about the family.
Interviewer: Did you take care of those twin boys (David and Dale Bonnie/Bonowitz)
Dr. Canowitz: Minnie Reiffel - her husband was a silversmith. All the nice hotels served on silverware instead of the stuff they have now. The company he owned at the time used to go from city to city to pick up their silverware and replate it and give it back to them. They lived very nicely and my brother Joe and his wife Fannie used to visit them (in Chicago) frequently, and they came here. She was a nice, elegant lady and they were nice people. The two children that I remember were Arthur and - who was the daughter? I don't know if they're alive now or not.
Interviewer: No.
Dr. Canowitz: Naturally, when my brother Joe and his wife Fanny were gone, I lost track of Minnie Reiffel and her husband. Now who can I talk about now?
Anna Winter was Daughter #3 of David and Sarah Bonowitz. She married a fellow named Harry Winter who used to work for the Gas Company. When he quit the Gas Company, they had a little dry goods store on Cleveland Avenue. Harry had a brother named Martin. (I console myself that I frequently do not recall names so much by saying, not that the nerves are deteriorating in my head, but that the telephone lines are so full that the messages don't come through. It may not be so (laughing at himself) but that's how I console myself.)
After Fanny, then there was Zelda and I mentioned to you already about Zelda working for the Deere Plow company for many, many years. I think she was sort of running the operation here.
And then came Joe (Bonowitz,) who played high school baseball - he was a catcher. He graduated high school and he went into professional baseball. It wasn't Class A, AAA, not even AA, it was in a western conference. I forgot the name of the team. Naturally, the amount of money he made was very minimal, and after he married, he moved down to Florida where he was in the dry cleaning business in West Palm Beach. Elliott, Joe's younger brother, went into professional football on a Columbus team called the Columbus Senators. It was a time when the Canton Bulldogs, you know, played at the old Senators baseball field on Cleveland Avenue next to the big bakery there. He was injured and went into another business. His two sons that I remember -- Dale and David Bonnie -- made a name for themselves in college football at Ohio State.
Dr. Canowitz now speaks of his own sisters and brothers.
Now the Canowitzes. Who can I start with? My mother? I never knew my father - I was born in the old country, in Grodno, and my father died six months before I was born, left Mother with seven and a half children.
My brother, Joe, at that time was still going to the Yeshiva. At eighteen years old he was quite learned, but he had to quit work, as did all the rest of them.
Rudy, who was 12, Chani (later Berliner) and Sarah (Wolman) each found bits of work around the county. My younger sisters, like Judyth (Brown) and Margaret (Grossman) and Celia (Katz) did attend some schooling in Grodno - there were public schools in Russia at that time. Jewish enrollment there was limited, so the wealthy Jews of the small communities like Grodno would sponsor schools for them to learn not only Russian and Yiddish, but other things like reading and writing and mathematics and stuff like that. They all did go to school in the early years.
As a boy, I started to school about the age of 3 1/2 years - I went to cheder - my mother took me. It used to be the custom of the father taking a child of 3 1/2 years of age to go to cheder, cover him with his tallis, and the mother would give him a bag of cookies to sweeten the day. I don't remember too much of that, and the reason I was sent to cheder at that age, is that we had anticipated coming to the United States and we would be coming to a goyishe country that we thought might not have any education.
My brother Joe was inducted into the Russian Army at the age of twenty (about 1910), but he realized that that was not any place for him, and he went AWOL, over the fence so to speak, and left one night. There was a regular, sort of underground situation in which escapees could go from place to place until they landed in Bremen, Germany, and then came to the United States.
He ended up in Circleville, Ohio, because that's where his uncle (Marvin Bonowitz's grandfather, Samuel Bonowitz), Simcha Abba, lived at that time. Circleville at that time did have sort of a Jewish community there. There were the Dulskies, the Friedmans, and so forth, there, but they must have moved a year later. That was 1910. And in 1911 they moved to Columbus, and I believe my brother, Joe, still lived there (in Circleville).
My brother Rudy and sister, Chani, came in 1910 or 1912. I imagine Chani was about 19 and Rudy was about 17 or so. They came over and they came to Columbus, where my brother Joe already had a place and they then lived together all in the same area with my mother's brother, Samuel Bonowitz. We lived at 840 Parsons, and the Bonowitzes lived at 860 Parsons Avenue. At 858 Parsons were the Grossmans, who later became related to us when Lou Grossman married my sister Margaret.
But that whole area, from Columbus Street south to Livingston, the whole street was practically all Jewish people.
Anyway, one interesting thing that happened on the trip from Chani and Rudy was this: they both left together, but during the trip one of them developed a little eye irritation, and at that time, when you landed in the United States, they were very, very careful about admitting anybody with glaucoma, which was quite common at that time, so Chani and Rudy figured out something. They traded health certificates, because the one with the irritated eye, I don't remember which one it was, whether it was Chani or Rudy, would not be let into the country. The doctor examined the certificate and Rudy's eyes, and said the eyes are normal, no trouble. He had a good certificate but had eye irritation, and the other had a certificate listing an eye irritation, the doctor examined and said, "I can't see anything wrong," and he let her in. Otherwise, one of them would have been sent back. I do not know the name of the ship they came in.
We were supposed to arrive here in 1914, but in 1913, in January, February or March, there was a bad flood that inundated the entire west side to the hilltop, and my mother heard of that, and she was so anxious to go home to see her family, so we left in June, 1913 for an eighteen day trip, and we landed June 15, 1913, in Baltimore, not in Ellis Island, and through the Jewish Aid Society, they directed us to Columbus. Joe did not get to meet us in New York, and we went directly to 860 Parsons Avenue, a home that he had furnished for us.
The trip was an eighteen day trip and, most of my family was very ill. They say I was the only one that didn't get seasick and I ran around the entire ship. I'm giving you some little incidents. To me it was an experience. I remember the first time eating some fresh fruit, like a banana - stuff like that. Another thing that I like to mention to people is that we came over here third class. And do you know why we came over third class? Because there wasn't any fourth class! Because we were very affluent (ironic humor). I thought I'd slip this in!
I was five years old, came in July, and we went to school right away - we attended Siebert Street School. I was in the first grade - (sister) Judy was in the 2B, Sarah was in the 3B, and Margaret even went and I think Celia even went for a few months there, but she was already an older girl of fourteen or fifteen. But the interesting thing is this: we learned English, and that's all. Not Russian, not Polish, no, we learned English, and it really bothers me that they allow foreigners today to come over and learn their language and not learn English. This is America! If they want to be American or they want to be a Latin or Greeks or Turks, or whatever they are, they ought to learn English American.
My mother's regret is that we did not teach her English. We only spoke Yiddish at home, and to this day, I think I can speak a fairly good Yiddish yet. Much later, when I was a physician already associated with St. Francis Hospital, I would take her to some of the affairs, and even though she could not speak English, she could understand a little bit, and she could get along and people enjoyed her.
As far as my youth is concerned, I was as ornery a boy as the rest of them, and played tricks, and on Halloween turned over the outhouses. After all, all the houses had outhouses. We didn't have inside plumbing or inside electricity. There was a gas mantle for light inside the house, and my brother tells me the story that when they first came here to Circleville, they had gas, too. The light could blow out but the gas kept going.
My brothers Joe and Rudy were tailors. Joe worked for somebody else at first, in a store at 615 East Main Street just west of Parsons Avenue by the name of, I believe, Grodsky. I can't remember for sure. They were apprentice tailors in Europe.
My brother Rudy went in partnership with Abe Bonowitz, your (Marvin Bonowitz's) dad, on Parsons Avenue close to Oak Street on the east side of the street. I remember the store very, very well. Later, he bought out the store at 615 East Main Street. It was just north of, just west of Parsons Avenue, close to where we lived. Then when your father had to go to the service, Rudy went into partnership with Joe. He (Joe) had moved his store to Parsons Avenue near Oak Street, and when your father came back from the service, he went into business on Mt. Vernon Avenue, but he had his tailor shop, and then he went into haberdashery and sold suits and stuff like that.
Interviewer: How did Rudy feel about Abe opening his own store?
Dr. Canowitz: It didn't bother him, he was all ready, I think, or Joe thought they'd get together. I'm not sure, actually. Abe was not a true tailor. He learned whatever he knew from Rudy or picked it up somewhere. There were two kinds of tailors at that time. There were those that could make a complete suit from a piece of cloth. The others were called bushelmen (not bushelers -that's in the dictionary) -- an individual who could do various alterations on sleeves, cuffs, side seams.
Interviewer: Were there any bad feelings that Rudy had?
Dr. Canowitz: Well, really not. There were, just between us - this is not - I don't want this (recorder) on - I'll start again.
There used to be an open air theater on the northwest corner of Whittier and Parsons that had benches, and we'd go to see a movie. It would cost all of five cents and very frequently when I was with Joe visiting your grandpa and David Bonowitz I would get a nickel from my brother Joe to go to the pictures. Otherwise, we would sometimes get into the pictures by distributing circulars - go down Stanley Avenue and other streets, putting a circular into the mail box, so we could get a ticket to go into the pictures. I hate to tell you this, but a lot of the circulars went down the sewers - we were kids - they expected it and they knew we did it - Benny (Abe Bonowitz's brother) and Elliott and I and another fellow - a young kid named Joe Somebody, whose father had a grocery store across Parsons Avenue where the Shusticks lived, and we were sort of a clan - a group -we'd get into more messes and more fights - we had nothing to do at night but get into mischief. If we got caught, we got a licking. Okay, enough of that.
I went to Siebert Street School until the second grade, and then we moved to 342 Parsons Avenue, closer to Main Street, and we transferred to Fulton Street School. And there, even though I was an average student, my sisters were always ahead, and I knew doggone well, if I didn't bring home good grades I'd get my tuchus beat up but good. And my sisters said, "If you fail, don't come home - just keep walking!" So I applied myself and got to work.
The funny thing about Fulton Street School that's an interesting thing, it was mostly, I would say, the enrollment was 95% Jewish. Very few colored people, and the rest (8%) non-Jewish. And a curious story about that Fulton Street School. My sister-in-law Hanna Neustadt, who was teaching at the school, had passed the Ohio State Board but was not allowed to teach in Columbus schools until she had a couple of years practice, so she got a job in Hamilton, Ohio, and after two years she came back to Columbus and got a job.
Side B
Interviewer: Joe's wife?
Dr. Canowitz: My sister - in - law, Hanna Neustadt.
Anyway, there was a teacher there who was there for years and years. Her name was Miss Dawson. She was a very good teacher and for some reason she stayed on for years and years and years. She told Hanna, "Be sure to not come to school before the bell rings." And when the bell rings to dismiss, to leave the school immediately, because at that time already it was overrun by some people that didn't care and there was scribbling and all that and urination on the floors and all that. And this Miss Dawson, she doesn't know that Hanna is a Jew. She said, "Fulton Street School is one of the best in the city of Columbus. And do you know why? Because the enrollment is 95% Jewish kids."
Those of you who look back see that those people who became the professionals and the big businessmen of Columbus, they were mostly kids that went to Fulton Street School. It was the best school in the city of Columbus. It's not so now.
Anyway, from Fulton Street School to Mound Street School, who also had a pretty good enrollment, maybe 50% Jewish people, kids. I walked. It was on the northeast corner of Third and Mound, and I always walked Parsons Avenue. There was no such thing as busses when you went to school; winter, summer, snow, you went to school. And you had better go to school -- my brother saw to it. And so I did fairly well in the latter part of Fulton and Mound, and for some reason, I passed.
I skipped some grades. I was five years old when I started school, and by the time I graduated high school - from Mound I went to South - I was fifteen years old when I graduated from South High School. At that time I went into pre-Med at Ohio State University - the total enrollment at that time was 9,000, and I'm quite sure if we had lived in another town we would not have been able to afford to go, but I went there and I was accepted at the end of two years, and I graduated Medical School at the age of 21.
You worked hard, and during that day when a lot of us were in college, I worked in the evenings at Central Market, and North Market every Saturday. Every little nickel helped, and I used to work a little bit for my brothers -- they would be making coats for the big stores - big tailors downtown. They would cut them, send them down and my brothers would put them together. And I used to deliver coats to them -- I did a lot of mending, even when I was 5-6-7-8 years old. I sold papers downtown. I sold papers at Spring and High, and we were allowed to go on foot. Benny would be on one corner, and I would be on the other corner and we would go run on the streetcar one block for nothing to sell papers. Everybody worked - everybody pitched in to earn a living. We were very affluent there, as I said before.
Anyway, after graduating, I was accepted at St. Francis Hospital as an intern, and I got along with the nurses and with the sisters there very well so they asked me to stay there as a resident. I was only 21 to begin with, and I felt that I was still too young to go really out and compete with the older Jewish doctors -- Adelman and Lou Harris -- so I took an internship and two years' residency at St. Francis.
In my third year in medical school there was a doctor by the name of Ernest Scott, who was head of the Department of Pathology, and I got along very well with him. St. Francis couldn't afford to pay a resident, so Professor Scott -- really a mentor -- sort of took a liking to me, and he paid for my college.
When I was an intern I was making twenty-five bucks a month, the cost of board and room. Then I got fifty bucks a month for which I would do all the pathology work - I did all the autopsies at St. Francis, all the autopsies at Columbus State Hospital, where you had to examine not only the body but the brain, and all that, and I learned a lot during that time.
And during that time also while at St. Francis, even during my internship, they didn't have a full-time anesthetist and generally, the doctor who sent the patient in frequently gave the person the anesthetic, and it was not really a good system. They wanted somebody who would stay there and learn and learn and learn. I sort of took a liking to it, in addition to my general practice, which included deliveries and house calls and all the things you run together.
And of course I got married in 1936 and David was born in 1938 and when he was 5 months old I developed a ruptured diaphragm. I lifted a patient off the table and tore my diaphragm and had to go to the Mayo Clinic to have it fixed because there was really nobody in town that was doing chest work at that time.
One of the doctors I was friendly with in Columbus knew the surgeon in the Mayo Clinic and sent me there and I got along pretty well. My wife went with me - she left her five-month-old baby with her sister and I'm quite sure it didn't help her morale much.
Anyway, in 1942 I was drafted for the Army but they turned me down because I had an incarcerated hernia that I did not know about. When I came back I had it repaired and I applied again. Dr. I. B. Harris, who was Chief of Surgery at St. Francis said, "You don't have to go - I can write them a letter saying that you are important to the Anesthesia Department."
So I said, "Dr. Harris, is your son in the Army?" His son was also a doctor. He says, "Yeah." I said, "Well, I gotta go into the Army, too. There were a lot of Jews who are being hurt over there and I want to go to the Army." Well, Naomi was very, very much upset, and of course, I don't need to tell you that my mother was quite concerned, too. As a matter of fact, I'll tell you a little meise: a week or two before I was going to go into the service in 1943, my mother came into my office - I asked her to come in at that time - just for a check-up. Her blood pressure was so high that I said (in fact, we didn't have medication for blood pressure; all we knew was rest and giving them a sedative), "Mother, if you were an ordinary patient of mine, I would put you to bed for two weeks. And her face got so red and so suffused, I said, "Forget it, Mother, forget it."
And my mother stayed alive until I came back from the service in 1946, in August. She died in December 1946. She stayed alive by her own will and determination. So that's my story.
My second child was born in 1940, so when I left for the service I left two children and my wife. So that brings us up to pretty near modern times. Your (Marvin's) grandmother lived between Forest and Columbus on the west side of Ohio Avenue.
Interviewer: First on Parsons Avenue.
Dr. Canowitz: Parsons Avenue. Across the street. And of course I remember Fannie, and Abe, Bobby and Ced (Shustick). Cecil is a little younger than I am. Didn't Bobby live in Dayton and Molly in Cincinnati? You see, I remember the little details!
I remember your grandfather - your mother's father very well. He was the big contributor to the Bes Yankov (Beth Jacob) and when Bes Yankov moved from Donaldson Street to Bulen Avenue, where your grandparents lived - it was an even number, on the east side of the street, at 1044 Bulen Avenue and I used to see them frequently. And on the other side of the street, they lived close to the Whites. Mrs. White was the one who catered my bar mitzvah. And the old man White later became the shammes for the Hungarian shul (Tifereth Israel) that was at the corner of McCallister and Parsons.
We lived two doors away from them and I was already bar mitzvah so he used to wake me up every morning and Lou Gertner, who lived on Mound Street, right off of Parsons, to help make a minyan, because the Margulises, the Schlezingers, the Polsters were all saying kaddish at the same time, and they needed a minyan, so morning and evening, Lou and I were there, and as a result, they gave us at the end of the year, a signet ring which I wore all the time until I even graduated medical school and was in practice at Ohio and Whittier, until the damn thing sort of wore down. So I sort of cherished it. And the man who lived next to me was a jeweler who worked for Hohenstein's, the big shots' jeweler downtown. I designed a ring and the initials were from the old gold, and he made the rest of the ring onyx out of new gold.
So I feel - I always contribute a little something every year - fifty dollars or something like that just for old times' sake - and I got married. If it had come in 1914 it would have been too late, and my brother Joe said, and it was almost like a korvan - a sacrifice that my father did so that we all lived. He died at 42 years of age of appendicitis or something. Naomi's father died ...
This concludes the interview with Aaron Canowitz, which is a part of the Columbus Jewish Historical Society Oral History Project.
Interview #2 with Dr. Aaron Canowitz
This interview was recorded on December 17, 1998 for the Columbus Jewish Historical Society Oral History Project.
Dr. Canowitz lived in the area of Parsons Avenue and Fulton Street after coming to the United States at the age of three with his mother, two brothers and five sisters. At age 90, he speaks about his medical practice and career. See also another interview taped earlier in which he speaks about his family, schools and living in the south end.
Interviewer: This is Marvin Bonowitz, speaking with Dr. Aaron Canowitz on December 17, 1998 in his home on Effingham Road in East Columbus. His son, David, is also present.
Dr. Canowitz: -- the practice of medicine in that transition period, where some of the old things were used and new things were being discovered. For example, ether was discovered in the 1500s. But what they do nowadays for local fun -- people would take it, get a little high, and one time when people were getting a little high, and one of them went out completely, hurt himself, woke up and didn't have any pain. That was started by a dentist. The first operation using ether was in 1846 in a general hospital.
And chloroform became popular because the queen of England was given Chloroform in 1909 to deliver King Edward, and later on local agents became popular. We always knew about morphine, but a local agent like cocaine was used to great effect. One of the discoverers became an addict in the late 1900s. Then they started to use more general anesthetics, but ether was so unpleasant to take, patients dreaded it. There was nausea and vomiting after it, so they used some agents to make people sleepy, like ethyl chloride was sprayed onto a mask. Too much of it was dangerous. Then came vynathane that was pleasant.
Then the gas machines came out. A man by the name of Gwathmey, from Toledo, was one of the first to make a gas machine that used nitrous oxide. That made it more pleasant to go to sleep. People were terrified going to sleep, when they finally developed Pentothal to put them to sleep, because then you could get other agents that were not sole anesthesia agents. They were not relaxing, they were to relieve pain and help put you to sleep, but it didn't relax you.
So we learned about different drugs - Pentothal, and Valium now, that we use as a preliminary to putting them to sleep. We've progressed from open drops on a mask to a gas machine, to Valium.
Medicine, in general, has progressed in a lot of ways. The X-ray machine was crude, and many of the old x-ray technicians lost fingers because they didn't know to protect themselves with lead shielding. The first electrocardiogram that I saw when I was a medical student was brought into town by a Doctor Nelson, a very good surgeon and a good friend of mine. It was a huuuuuge machine. Now they've got a little-bitty machine they attach it and they take the EKG -- it has a light here and a flash here. Dr. Nelson was an excellent doctor.
Then there were some diseases that I saw during my time - Smallpox. Malaria was seen during the time of the Spanish - American War and when they were building the Panama Canal they realized that the mosquito was the cause of it. Polio was dreaded and in the middle 1950s our place was filled with people in Drinker respirators - so called Iron Lung - the whole body was placed in it, only the head out. Children's Hospital was the center for treatment.
I graduated at an early age - I was very young, and I thought it would be to my advantage to take some extra work. I interned for a year at St. Francis Hospital and as a resident for two years in pathology and anesthesia, then when I went out into practice I did get a lot of Jewish patients, chiefly because I could speak Yiddish to them. A lot of them appreciated that because they spoke Yiddish at home.
In my early practice, I did deliveries (childbirth) at home - the bad cases you went to the hospital but I did a lot of deliveries and other procedures in the patient's home. That was during the days of the Depression, in the early to mid-1930s, and people were sent to the hospital at the drop of a hat. You had a fracture, you gave a little liniment, a little nitrous oxide, reduce the fracture and put a cast on 'em.
Many a wound I used to take 'em to the Emergency Room and sew 'em up. They accepted what you did, they're not going to sue you. In a kid, I would put a cast on it. Hospital work, general practice, deliver babies at night, you worked 24 hours a day. You had office hours every day and even came in Saturday morning!
We charged $25 up to $50 depending on how well-off they were, and that included all the prenatal care and six weeks post-operative care, hospital visits and all that.
Speaking of taking care of old Jewish people, there was an old gentleman who was quite well known, and he came to my office sort of downcast, long-faced, and to cheer him up, I told him in Yiddish, "Ver viten yor kucht ois azey vi hott nit die maedel zi kaches - Sir! You don't have the strength of a young girl!" He said, "Mein kind" (after all, he was older than I was; I was a youngster), "Not that I don't have kaches of a maedel - not that I don't have the strength of a young girl, I don't have the strength for a young maedel."
Dr. E. J. Gordon, who was a good friend of the family, gave me a job at the Jewish Infants Home, which was on Rich Street, next to the old Schonthal Home. Dr. Edelman used to take care of them, but he was very, very busy and he was like throwing me a bone, but which I accepted very much, and that was one of the things that made me like children very much - pediatrics - and I took care of those children at the Jewish Children's Home.
Occasionally there were things we had to do outside the hospital. The surgeons at St. Francis asked me to give the anesthetic for a woman who lived out in the country, who we operated on her on the kitchen table. I gave her anesthetic, I brought stuff along with me, and I had gone one time to Marion, Ohio, to give an anesthetic for a bad gall bladder. One of the residents at St. Francis was practicing and this was a big case for him.
Other incidents - we were staying with a family in Clearwater, Florida. A friend of mine who was a resident at St. Francis with me had a patient in Dunedin, ten miles north of Clearwater, called me one time - he knew I was in town, I'd had dinner with him - he had two bad cases - an 85-year-old man with gall bladder difficulty and a newborn baby who did not have a connection between his stomach and his small bowel, called pyloric atresia.
Naturally, I did the baby, kept it warm on a heating pad, took its temperature, found a vein on the back of his hand, gave it blood in small doses. The surgeon was a trained man from Mayo's and he did the operation successfully in an hour or so.
David Canowitz speaks:
A couple of stories that happened within the family. Dad always brought home Jewish residents and interns from Children's Hospital, especially on a Friday night or yontiff. This one time there was this very shy doctor from Mexico. His name was Juan Berkowitz. He spoke Yiddish with a Spanish accent. He was extremely shy. Dad had been carving a turkey at table and had this platter piled high and he passes it to Dr. Berkowitz at first who takes one little piece.
Dad says, "Don't be so shy, take more," whereupon he takes his knife from one end of the platter to the other, he scooped everything off his plate. Dad said, "My eyes popped out of my head, I didn't know what to do."
The other story happened with dad was when Ethel Neustadt (sister of Aaron's wife, Naomi) had two of her sons (Jim and Charles Neustadt) in Mexico City and they were involved in a very serious auto accident. Charles was okay, Jim was in a coma with a fractured skull and other injuries. They called Dad, and he was getting ready to go down there, because knowing the type of medical services and inadequate equipment down there, he was going to go down there. This was in 1958 or 1959. Just before he was ready to go to the airport, he gets a call from the doctor down there, it turns out the surgeon down there had trained at Ohio State University and it turns out the anesthesiologist had been a resident under Dad at Children's.
(Dr. Canowitz refers to a video tape recently given to him containing a tribute by esteemed colleague, H. William Clatworthy. On this tape, he asks to view it. His son suggests that they view it after this interview is over.)
The Jewish neighborhood at the time that we came here in 1913 was around Washington and Donaldson, and another Jewish neighborhood was around Parsons between Livingston and Whittier. I started school at Siebert Street School and then went to Fulton Street School. Fulton Street School was considered one of the best schools in Columbus. When my sister-in-law, Hannah Neustadt, started to teach in Columbus, she taught at Fulton Street School. There was an old teacher there that used to tell her, "When the bell rings at 3 o'clock, you scram. Don't come in before 8 o'clock, because you'll see this place all full of scribbling and all that and it's not fit, but (she did not know Hannah was Jewish) she said, "Fulton Street School was the best school in the city of Columbus. You know why? It was 95% Jewish kids." On the holidays they closed the school.
I was not a goody-goody boy. Harry Mellman, who was a good friend of mine - his birthday and bar mitzvah were a month ahead of mine - we were kicked out of Sunday School for acting up. The superintendent at the shul thought he was going to stick us up on the second floor balcony, in that room where the women were, and give us a licking, but we didn't stay there. I never went back. I did have my bar mitzvah at Agudas Achim, Harry Mellman had one there a month before. Rabbi Neches was the rabbi at the time.
As a youngster I got into all kinds of difficulties, some of which I deserved capital punishment, which meant a good lickin'. For example, my brother Joe caught me riding on the back of a street car on the trailer that connected the street cars one to another - he caught me as he was going home for lunch. He dragged me to the back porch and beat the heck out of me! Harry Mellman and I got into a lot of difficulties. Louis Gertner lived in that same area and swiped some cigarettes from my brother Rudy, and ran behind the Blind School - that was where we smoked 'em. But the stuff got on our hands, and as our mothers smelled them and as I reached for some food, she knew what the hell was happening. I was not a goody-goody boy. But one thing was sure: learning and going to school was the important thing.
For instance, when I was in the third grade, we had these desks where the person in front of you sat. The little girl had gone to the blackboard, and as she came back, I lifted up the seat and she fell down and hit the floor. The teacher saw me do it, came over, and gave me one across the face that made my ears ring. I was tickled to death that she did not tell my sisters, who were in the other grades, what happened, cause my brothers Joe and Rudy sure would beat the heck out of me!
When we finally graduated South High School and had gone on to the University, there was a course in organic chemistry. It was just an elective course on Saturday morning at ten o'clock every Saturday that was years! So a bunch of us Jewish boys - Mel Goodman, Sammy Goldstein, myself, there were a couple of Jewish boys from Cleveland who roomed in the same area, we all walked to the Ohio State University and back. Youngsters. The Jewish boys did very well. From Fulton Street School we went to Mound Street School, and I skipped a grade or two. Several of us Jewish boys got that promotion. Mound Street was called an intermediate school. Now they call it a middle school or junior high.
And from there we went to South. I graduated from South when I was fifteen years of age. We knew that studying was the most important thing in life, and Sammy Goldstein and I finally got into medical school in 1925 after only two years of pre-med. We studied at each other's homes. One night at his house, and one night at my house. We were given a lot of cooperation from the family. Nobody disturbed us, we had the dining room to ourselves. That's where the Jewish parents came in. The Jewish parents and the families co-operated. There was no distraction of TV, radio, or anything like that. This was a time for learning.
Sammy Goldstein passed away about a year ago. He practiced here until 1950. He did not enter the Army, he had some difficulty with his feet. Milt Goodman and I went. Then Sammy went to practice in Florida, but because he was from "out of state," he had to take an internship there for a year so that he could take his medical boards, and he made #1 in the year he took the medical boards, and he was connected with the Miami General Hospital there.
Our grades were exactly the same. I don't think there wasn't a half a point difference in our grades in the medical board examination. But one thing that taught me a good lesson as a freshman in chemistry, and the problem was with Helium. The atomic weight of Helium is 1.006, and I made the equation at 1.06 and everything else was correct, and I ran up to the professor and complained to the professor, and he taught me a good lesson. He said, "What are you planning to do?" And he says, "I want to be a doctor." Professor said, "When you're a doctor you had better put the decimal point in the right place, or else you're going to get into trouble." And that's a true story. Oh yeah.
And in exams our chairs were far apart. There was no cribbing and no cheating. They wouldn't stand for that.
Modern times now, as I see it, after not being in practice almost 20 years - my practice ended in 1979, doctors rarely make house calls anymore. They send you to the Emergency Room. And the next day when they get the information, you go back to his office. I don't know whether that's good or bad. It's good for the doctor, but not so much for the family.
If something was wrong with you, many was the night I slept on the couch. If a guy had a coronary or something like that, we didn't send him to the hospital. They gave him morphine and bed rest.
The other thing is this about lawsuits now - sometimes in self-defense the doctor has to overdo things.
I'm ninety years old - there's an old saying, "The old and the dying harvest their memories with an abounding zeal." And some of the memories may be worthwhile to me. They may not be worthwhile to anybody else, but, for example, the children's home. To me that was a big thing. It gave me a little extra money. Dr. E. J. Gordon was quite influential at the University College of Medicine. Dr. Gordon was at one time Temporary Dean of the Medical School at the University. He was always a Professor of Medicine. He was in charge of the outpatient clinic and we became great friends, friends of the whole family, particularly, if it weren't for Eva, a good friend of the Neustadts. Years ago we had a doctor names Dr. Fisher, that was during the 1913 flood. Dr. Edelman was my doctor and later on we became quite friendly to the extent that if I had to have a pediatric consultation he would sit in for me, and later on when he got to be more and more disabled, and afraid to drive at night, I was living then at the Park Towers, and I picked him up at night and carried him to dinner meetings and brought him back, and we became quite friendly.
As a matter of fact, --
This concludes this interview with Dr. Canowitz for the Columbus Jewish Historical Society.

[N461] Born at about 03:00hrs. Weight 7lbs 14oz = 3.572kg

[N462] Hebrew namesake is her maternal great grandmother Brayndl Rossman

[N463] She and her husband were cousins, hence they shared the same surname.

[N464] Aliya in 2003

[N465] 1874 Revision List also says 2 females in family - included in 1887 Revision List

His wife shown as a widow in 1887
Revision List

[N466] 1887 Revsion List says he is missing

[N467] Note - there is a mistake on Peters gravestone. The Hebrew name should have been Rafuel ben Shmuel and not the reverse.
Abbreviation on the stone (TALO) stands for Tashie, Alex, Louis, Olivia.

[N468] Note: She is almost certainly the sister of Toby/Tillie/Toibe Sharafsky, wife of Charles (Khatskel) who was a brother of her husband Yosl ie two sisters married two brothers. In jewishgen birth records her surnames appears as Surovsky, Sirovsky and Siravska. Her sister, Toby/Tillie/Toibe, is shown on the same records as Surovsky and it is assumed that it became Sharafsky upon entry into the USA.

[N469] From Righteous Amongst the Nations - Yad Vashem
Laurinavičienė FAMILY

Rescue Story

Laurinavičienė, Elena
Laurinavičius, Bronislovas
Laurinavičius, Pranas

Elena Laurinavičienė became a widow at a young age and brought up her three sons, Jonas, Bronislovas and Pranas all by herself. Elena was a clever woman with a strong character and strong sense of justice, always ready to help others despite her own circumstances. By the start of the German-Soviet war Jonas, Elena’s eldset son, was already married and lived separately in the town of Girkalnis. Two younger sons still lived with their mother.
From the beginning of the German occupation of Lithuania and the start of the Nazi terror regime many persecuted found refuge at Elena’s humble house in the village of Naukaimis, in the Raseiniai district. She would shelter the local communists (generally hated by people after the short Soviet rule during 1940-1941) and Jews - the last few remnants of the once-flourishing Jewish communities of Raseiniai and the surrounding towns. Among those who found refuge with the Laurinavičiuses was Chaim-Leib Tatz, a young man from Raseiniai, whose wife, two children and more that 40 relatives were shot by the Nazis in Raseiniai and the town of Girkalnis; Tatz’s two cousins by the name of Blecher; and an 18-year-old Mina Kvedanaitė (later Ran). Mina’s parents were killed in their native Raseiniai in August 1941; her brother was denounced by a Lithuanian friend of his.
Elena’s house was located on the outskirts of the village, quite far from the center. During the daytime the Jewish fugitives stayed inside the house or in the barn; the dog’s barking was a sign for them to run down to the cellar under the porch. Jonas used to bring them supplies and the news from Girkalnis; Bronislovas and Pranas helped their mother around. Since staying permanently in one place was dangerous, the fugitives kept changing their location, and Elena’s sons sometime escorted them to other hiding places. All in all, more than 20 Lithuanian families were involved in helping Chaim-Leib; even more people helped Mina Ran.
In 1943, a Soviet partisan group started operating in the Raseiniai area and Chaim-Leib joined its ranks. He knew the local population and surroundings well and his help to the partisans was priceless.
After the liberation Pranas Laurinavičius was drafted to the Red Army. Upon his return home, in 1946, he joined the Lithuanian resistance movement and was killed by the Soviets in 1949. Bronislovas was sentenced by the regime and spent 10 years imprisoned in Siberia. Jonas was forced to move away from the district, and all his assets were confiscated. Elena avoided persecutions only because of Chaim-Leib’s protection. Their friendship continued through the years, carried on by the second and the third generation. In 2011 Aldona Tomkevičienė, Elena’s granddaughter, was welcomed in Israel by the extended Tatz family.
On September 14, 2010 Yad Vashem recognized Elena Laurinavičienė and her sons Bronislovas and Pranas Laurinavičius as Righteous Among the Nations

[N470] In Soviet Army during the War and killed in battle in Orel province
Buried alongside Etta Trusfus Kolodny and husband Zelig Kolodny

[N471] Foreign Passport Nr. 48/46 was issued in 8 Jan 1935.

[N472] Buried alongside husband Moishe Trusfus, Misha Yoffe and Alexander Trusfus

[N473] Ethel Trusfus buried together with husband Zelig Kolodny and Aron Yoffe

[N474] From Mervyn Chatz - Solly's son:
Sholom (Solly) Chatzkelowitz (my father) came to South Africa in 1910 with Maishe (Morris) and worked on the Concession Stores on the mines on the Reef.
In 1924 my father went back to Lithuania to bring his whole family to South Africa. Because of the repositioning of the borders after World War 1 my Aunt Bertha with her family were in Russia and isolated from her family - when my dad wanted permission to see her there while in Lithuania he was told that as he was a deserter (only 14 and a half) he would be shot on Russian soil. He would be able to go to the border and wave to his sister on the other side. He declined this as he said that after 14 years the emotions were too high and if either would run to embrace over the border they would be shot.
We lived in Viljoenskroon, Orange Free State (42 miles from Kroonstad). My mother’s family Smiedt lived in Kroonstad.
In ±1962 the Boswell-Wilkie Circus came to Viljoenskroon and featured a Little Russian Strong Man (small guy that performed amazing feats -one of them being: he put a harness on a full-grown horse and onto himself and walked up 2 ladders positioned on either side of the horse and lifted the horse weighing a huge amount. My Dad, Mom, Beulah and I attended. I took them home after the show. My Dad asked me to take him back to the Circus - he collected some money in our safe at our Hotel and I duly took him back. When I asked what this was all about, he replied that he hadn't spoken Russian in a long time and wanted to catch up.
What actually transpired was that he gave him money and said that he should try to trace his sister in Moscow and get her to make contact with our family. Three years later, the first letter came through - this after no contact for 55 years. The little Russian had kept his promise.
My uncle Issy Chatzkelowitz, being very headstrong, against all advice and warning, went to Russia in 1965 and made arrangements to see his sister Bertha in secret (another long story). When he said to her that he wanted to see her children Stella and Yevgeny - she said that Yevgeny was an officer in the NKVD Secret Police and that he and his family would be wiped out if there was any contact with anyone from the West. She told him that there was to be a Parade in Red Square on the Sunday and that she would stand at pre-arranged spot on the Square and nod to him when Yevgeny, his wife, daughter and son were marching by. This was as close as he was able to get to see them.
This was the story of the Little Russian. I thought you might find his interesting.

[N475] Weight at brth 3.20kgs

[N476] Levaya of Rabbi Hillel Klavan at Young Israel Shomrai Emunah on March 15, 2016 / 5 Adar II, 5776. Video on youtube - note first part is prayers then speeches

Rabbi Hillel Klavan, a ‘distinguished and honorable gentleman’
March 15, 2016 By Daniel Scher
Rabbi Hillel Klavan, who helped lead Washington’s Orthodox community as rabbi of Congregation Ohev Shalom Talmud Torah and a member of the Rabbinical Council of Greater Washington, died Monday. He was 93.
A Silver Spring resident, he was most recently rabbi emeritus of Congregation Ohev Shalom Talmud Torah, the congregation which his father, Rabbi Yehoshua Klavan, had served earlier.
Rabbi Klavan’s importance to his community was clear at his funeral service Tuesday at Young Israel Shomrei Emunah in Silver Spring, where mourners filled the sanctuary and spilled into the building’s foyer.
In attendance was Rabbi Avrom Landesman, a founder of Woodside Synagogue Ahavas Torah in Silver Spring, who had known Rabbi Klavan since 1962. He said one of the most impressive projects they worked on together was the founding of the Yeshiva of Greater Washington.
“He was the rabbi that transitioned the Washington Jewish community from a small to a somewhat major Jewish community, and he did it with a lot of courage and a lot of dedication,” he said. “He helped raise funds, he gave judgmental guidance to us and he was always a very distinguished and honorable gentleman. It was a great honor to know him.”
Theo Heller, who also attended the funeral, came to know Rabbi Klavan 26 years ago, when he and his fiancee moved to Washington from South Africa ago and needed someone to help with their wedding.
“I was finishing medical school. My wife came a month early to arrange the wedding, and we were very South African in mindset,” he said. She called the beis din [Orthodox rabbinical court] and Rabbi Klavan answered and married us a month later.”
Heller described Rabbi Klavan as showing an “undefinable sense of responsibility and caring for others,” and said he was always more concerned about his obligations than his rights.
But, Heller said, he never failed to maintain a sense of humor, even as he was experiencing heart failure during the last year of his life.
“I asked him, ‘What are you going to do, you can’t have herring anymore?’ So he said, ‘Oh, I’ll find another cardiologist, of course,’” Heller recounted. “I think it’s in the little things that you see the greatness of the man.”
For Potomac resident Arthur Moer, Rabbi Klavan’s presence was a constant. The two knew each other from the age of 9 when they were growing up in Washington’s Shepherd Park neighborhood. Later, Rabbi Klavan officiated at both his and his son’s weddings.
“I continue to learn from him to this day,” Moer said.
Rabbi Klavan received his s’micha, or ordination, from Ner Israel Rabbinical College in Baltimore. He retained a lifelong connection to the school.
He came to the yeshiva after his bar mitzvah, Baltimore Jewish Life wrote in 2013, when Ner Israel honored Rabbi Klavan and his wife, Myrna, with the Legacy of Torah Award. He was the youngest of the yeshiva’s 20 students when he began studying there.
After his ordination, Rabbi Klavan took a post in Brooklyn, N.Y., according to a biography provided by the Rabbinical Council of Greater Washington.
In 1953, after the death of his father, he became rabbi of Congregation Ohev Shalom Talmud Torah.
“Rabbi Klavan served as the rav of Congregation Ohev Shalom Talmud Torah during the challenging and turbulent years for Orthodoxy of the second half of the twentieth century,” according to the biography.
“Rabbi Klavan faced those challenges steadfastly with charm and seichel [good sense]. He remained absolutely true to the mesorah [tradition] his father brought to America from the gedolei Yisroel [sages] in Europe.”
Rabbi Moshe Walter, executive director of the Rabbinical Council of Greater Washington, said Rabbi Klavan knew “how to handle complicated situations, how to handle adversity, how to care for people, how to maintain a strong family while having a congregation.”
Rabbi Klavan, he said, “walked with God.”
Rabbi Klavan was the husband of Myrna Klavan, father of Rachell (Dr. Shabsie) Tajerstein, Malka (Rabbi Chezky) Zweig, Hadassah (Rabbi Pinchus) Weinberger and Yehoshua Klavan.

He will be buried in Eretz Hachaim cemetery in Beit Shemesh, Israel.

[N477] Offically changed name to Morton on mothers divorce. Court Record dated 41/6/1946

[N478] Lyla name is in memory of Lester Bushman

[N479] Daniella name is in memory of Doris Bushman


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